Drug abuse has become a worry today, especially among youth. It remains of great importance to underpin the effects of these drugs amongst high school student to create effective mitigation strategies. Highlighting the prevalence and effects of drug abuse, Philp et al. (14) established that 200 million people, of the world’s population aging between 15 and 65 have at least once used drugs, with 4.6 million high students exposed to these effects. The fact is that there is a need for measures to be taken to at least reduce the rate of exposure to the drugs. This paper analyzes the causes of drug abuse to high school students, the effects of the drugs they use, and finally, suggest measures for control.
High school students spend much time away from their parents since they spend more time at school. During this period, they have the time of ‘freedom,’ whereby no parental supervision. In the time of less oversight, is when the high school students get time to test such drugs, thereby, finding themselves entangled in drug use. Patrick et al. (1), stipulated that movement of the adolescent students away from their parents for studying matters has led to increased use of drugs.
Peer groups in high schools are so influential to an extent whereby very few students manage to make important decisions by themselves. Peer groups which are associated with the use of drugs tend to influence students who join them in the use of the drugs, to make all the peers have one common goal. Patrick et al. (1), in their analysis of multiple predictors, established that, among 8th to 10th (1991- 2007), the most influential factor for the abusers had friends who were using drugs, hence influencing them. There is a need for people who are responsible, such as the teachers and parents, to offer pieces of advice in advance to their students and children respectively.
Adolescence is the age whereby, a child experiences ‘strange’ feeling. Reproductive system development and the sense of maturity increases the level of curiosity. They want to experience and have tested to everything they come across. Nikmansh et al. (185) state that young adults and the adolescent tend to detect situations which are hazardous, making them end up in problems. Once a young person is at this age, he or she needs support so as not to lose the potential of being a responsible person in the future because of the age challenge.
Students join the high school with high expectations, both from their parents and themselves. The high school has challenges such as failing, or not meeting the target a student kept or expected to meet by his or her teachers or parents. The challenge of failing to meet the target humiliates many students, hence losing interest in their academics and look for replacement whereby most of them end up using drugs to forget the reality of life or situation. Senegal et al. (11) stipulated that the use of marijuana makes the user feel of well-being, relaxation, and tranquility. There is the experience of the heightened state of awareness, in which visions seem sharper and sounds more distant. The false feeling is what makes the student repeatedly use those drugs to get rid of stress, hence ending up addicted.
The term ‘drug’ once mentioned, most of the people around are irritated. Many people have taken a negative perception of it, viewing it as a ‘social problem.’ No matter the view of other people, the fact remains that, drugs to have a positive contribution in society. For instance, a drug such as nicotine is used as a stimulus. Also, marijuana once applied, it motivates the user hence being able to work so hard. Generally, drug addiction demands daily expenditure of money to feed the desires of using the drug.
Drugs have both long and short-term health effects. Drugs, such as alcohol, lead to liver cirrhosis, and cigarette smoking remains to be the leading cause of lungs problems among many when used at a relatively long time. Crossin et al. (99), states that drug abuse leads to chronic health issues and may initiate to further drug use. One may begin using one kind of drug and ending up using several types of drugs at last.
Drug abuse reduces thinking capacity. Students equate themselves to their superiors. Disrespectful activities become their portion. Philip et al. (14) stipulates that students tend to disrespect their teachers and parents, hence acting rudely and arrogantly, skipping classes, evading exams, or even dropping out of school. Other times they cause riots and chaos at the school while others become criminals leading them to prison.
Concisely, with regards to the arguments presented on the effects of drugs on the minds of high school students, parents have a responsibility of putting a close eye on and morally support their children. Teachers and the institution as well must take severe measures against the drug users in school, also introducing clubs against drug use.
Crossin, Rose, et al. “Adolescent inhalant abuse leads to other drug use and impaired growth; implications for diagnosis.” Australian and New Zealand journal of public health 41.1 (2017): 99-104. Print.
Nikmanesh, Zahra, Yahya Kazemi, and Masome Khosravi. “Role of feeling of loneliness and emotion regulation difficulty on drug abuse.” International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Forensic Medicine 5.4 (2015): 185-91. Print.
Patrick, Megan E., and John E. Schulenberg. “Prevalence and predictors of adolescent alcohol use and binge drinking in the United States.” Alcohol Research: Current Reviews 35.2 (2014): 193. Print.
Philip, Attah Amana, Baba Edna, and Audu Joel Samson. “The effects of drug abuse and addiction on academic performance of students in federal polytechnic idah, Kogi State Nigeria.” International Journal of Democratic and Development Studies (IJDDS) 2.2 (2016). Pg 14. Print.