Language patterns of women differs from men’s, according to recent gender theories. However, most of the authors focus on communication. In the below essay I would like to reflect on the socialization through gender and communication based on my own life experiences. According to moral and social development theories, it is evident that genders are separated on different levels; women who care and men who are fair, men who separate and women who connect and this reflects on their communication style. (Griffin, 2011, p. 82-83.) Below I would like to review the most significant 20th Century gender communication theory set by Tannen to examine whether applies to my own personality development and life.
The development of a planning strategy to accommodate specific needs or weaknesses within an organization requires a greater understanding of the impact of these decisions on the lives of those who are directly affective by them. To be specific, the online educational experience is relatively new, but it now has been in existing for a sufficient period of time in order to identify areas where programs and methods are strong and others are weak. This is a difficult situation to master because there is generally no face-to-face communication and verbalization that takes place when these programs are exclusively online. However, the online university format is filled with problems and difficulties, most of which may be overcome with patience and open communication regarding these issues. It is important to identify problems and to address them with administrative officials and educators as best as possible to avoid challenges over the long term. The following discussion will address a common problem in the online educational community, particularly when technology-based breakdowns occur and thereby disrupt the learning experience. This problem will be considered in further detail in order to develop a planning strategy that will better accommodate this practice and its impact on student learning over time.
Technological interruptions or breakdowns are common in many areas of life and generally do not cripple routine activities under extreme circumstances. However, for students enrolled in online courses, these efforts may be difficult to overcome and represent a challenge to the status quo that may not only disrupt learning during isolated events, but could also impact grades and the successful completion of a given course of study over the long term. In these cases, it is known that “breakdowns can occur at any point along the system, for example, the server which hosts the program could crash and cut all participants off from the class; a participant may access the class through a networked computer which could go down; individual PCs can have numerous problems which could limit students’ access; finally, the Internet connection could fail, or the institution hosting the connection could become bogged down with users and either slow down, or fail all together. In situations like these, the technology is neither seamless nor reliable and it can detract from the learning experience” (Illinois Online Network, 2013). In this context, it is likely that these failures in communication may ultimately prohibit students from completing their education in the desired timeframe if these glitches occur at inopportune times, such as exams. If this is the case, the teacher must be able to not only believe the circumstances and what has exactly taken place, but also give the student the benefit of the doubt and to take the steps that are required to give the student a second change when the circumstances require. It is expected that these efforts will provide greater evidence of the ability of teachers and students to effectively interact at all times and to even develop effective student-teacher relationships, even if they do not communicate face to face.
The efforts that are made by teachers and administrators to understand the potential for technology-based breakdowns also feeds into the personalities of these teachers. In some instances, For example, “If facilitators are not properly trained in online delivery and methodologies, the success of the online program will be compromised… An online instructor must be able to compensate for lack of physical presence by creating a supportive environment in the Virtual Classroom where all students feel comfortable participating and especially where students know that their instructor is accessible” (Illinois Online Network, 2013). In other words, if the instructor is ill-prepared to manage routine online coursework and interactions, it is unlikely that he or she will be able to understand the true impact of technology-based breakdowns or glitches that may disrupt student performance (Illinois Online Network, 2013). It is expected that teachers administering online courses will be prepared for many different scenarios that may disrupt progress for students and should be able to provide contingency plans for periods when these circumstances take place (Illinois Online Network, 2013). Even the most perfect technology-based system is imperfect in many ways; therefore, teachers and administrators working for online universities must be willing to take the steps that are necessary to allow students to have a fair chance to complete their assignments and to contribute to the course, even when these issues take place.
College and university administrators working for online universities must also be willing to work effectively with students in order to overcome technological glitches and to provide adequate solutions so that student performance is taken seriously at all times. Students must be provided with a chance to be recognized for their efforts and to adequately contribute to the class, even when disruptions are likely to occur. In these instances, it is important to identify the specific areas where there are weaknesses so that administrators develop contingency plans to allow individuals to take the steps that are necessary to accommodate students under a variety of scenarios. These efforts must also support the continuous development of new ideas and approaches to improve student performance in the online setting.
The creation of an effective learning environment in the online setting also requires a greater understanding of the different elements that may contribute to negative outcomes, such as technological concerns and other problems that prohibit the completion of assignments and/or exams. Under these conditions, administrators must develop contingency plans to allow students to finish their assignments without penalty. This is an important area of focus that online universities must address on a regular basis in order to accomplish the desired objectives so that all students are given a fair option to complete their required assignments. At the same time, efforts must be made that will attempt to reduce these instances from occurring in the first place, at least on the academic side of the process. These efforts will also provide greater support for the development of new ideas and approaches to ensure that student academic performance is not minimized in any way and that problems with technology are taken seriously and are addressed as quickly as possible. This approach will demonstrate a commitment to student learning and the willingness to take the steps that are required to achieve greater outcomes for this online student population as best as possible so that learning is continuous and is not disrupted in any fashion by technological complications.
The online learning environment is highly beneficial in many ways, but it also produces specific challenges that do not occur in traditional classroom settings. Teachers and administrators alike must identify areas where weaknesses persist and develop new strategies to plan for these concerns and accommodate the circumstances that occur. For example, the development of new ideas and approaches to learning in an online format may lead to technological glitches with computers, servers, and other instruments that may prohibit students from completing their assignments in a timely manner. If the problem is directly related to technology, then the issue is clearly out of the control of the student, who should not be penalized for these events. Therefore, teachers and administrators must be able to recognize that occasional glitches will occur that may prohibit the completion of assignments or exams in some cases. It is the responsibility of the teacher and the administrative team to assess these situations and to take them seriously in an effort to improve potential outcomes for students in these settings to allow them to achieve the desired level of academic performance.
Illinois Online Network (2013). Weaknesses of online learning. Retrieved from
The film “The Pelican Brief,” based on a novel by John Grisham, is a legal thriller with many areas of focus on business and legal communication through the portrayal of its many characters. The film’s stars, which include Julia Roberts and Denzel Washington, tell the story of a law student’s brief regarding the murder of two Supreme Court Justices and how led to changes in the lives of the student, her professor/lover, and those within their circle while the truth was discovered, including attempted murder and escape. The film represents a unique form of communication between these characters and their fight to protect themselves and to uncover the truth. From a communication-based perspective, the film offers a unique approach to these principles and demonstrates the power of some individuals over others when secrets exist and how to take control of these situations as needed to prove the truth, to reveal any obstacles that exist, and to become powerful and authoritative in one’s own right.
- In a few paragraphs, explain the social, political and legal issues addressed in the film. What were the secret meetings about and why was secrecy so important?
The setting of the movie is concentrated upon the time when the black Americans are considered at a lower status than that of the white Americans. This is considered to be specifically reflected over the belief that the white Americans are much highly intellectual compared to the black Americans [and this is aimed to be proven through debate]. Considerably, the capacity of the team of black debaters in the movie to face the challenge of debating with white American students was considered as a specific rule out from the actual situation in the society during the time. It is because of this that the theme of the movie was considered bold especially in imposing that the black Americans were able to stand out amongst the rest of other debaters coming from the white American teams. The practices of the team of black American debaters have been held in secret showing how much suppressed their activities were and amidst these challenges, their victory has been specifically directed as a means of achievement on their part.
Media: Making America Lazy and Stupid One Click at a Time
Technology and media – smart phones, ipods, laptops, and tablets – streaming from everywhere, it is next to impossible to imagine a world without news, business, education, and even friends right at the tips of our fingers. Some critics argue that characteristics of the modern day discourse include a more impractical, frivolous, and withered media and technology, while others contend that technology has brought them closer to friends and family while providing a stimulating experience. Today, many modern citizens spend countless hours in front of the internet “liking” numerous and meaningless things, to later plop in front of the television at the end of the day, with a bag of greasy potato chips, smart-phones glued to their sides, mindlessly watching the next idol sing their way to a record deal. Media, Google included, has made our society lazy, anti-social, and stupid.
“The Pursuit of Happyness” is a touching film about a man who overcomes great odds to going from being a salesman of bone density scanners to become an stock broker. Various means of interpersonal communication are shown throughout this movie: they underline Chris’s relationship with himself, with his wife, and with their son.
INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION: CHRIS’S RELATIONSHIP WITH HIMSELF
The voice-over gives the viewer an insight into Chris’s character and his self concept – or the way that he sees himself – from the beginning of the movie: he says that he did not know his father until he himself was an adult, and wanted his own son to know him. It is clear that Chris’s view of himself relies heavily on his role as a father. More is revealed about Chris’s relationship with himself through the Rubik’s cube: this is a symbol, a thing which represents something else in the story, and it symbolizes Chris’s struggle to overcome the odds and to make his life better. Chris’s field of experience – or the person’s background which affects how that person sees the world – is also part of this struggle, and it is well-demonstrated in the movie when he talks about the lines on the resume for education, saying “I didn’t need that many lines”. This is also shown in the way in which Chris learns to navigate his way through the culture of wealthy and largely white stockbrokers: the scene at the house of the CEO and Chris’s conversation there shows the intercultural communication, for the ways in which people of different groups communication with one another. At the end of the movie, the cost of his struggle is shown in his face in the scene where he is given the job: it is obvious that he is trying hard not to break down and cry in front of his bosses, following a rule of display, or a rule which says how much emotion it is acceptable to show in public.
Indirect show of Chris’s Struggle. Chris’s struggle is also shown through the means of power distance, or the distance between those who have power and those who do not in a given society: this is shown when Chris is watching the stock brokers coming down the steps, wanting to be part of that world. It is also shown through the communication channel – or the means by which communication is performed, such as the radio or television – of the telephone which Chris is tied to during his internship as he tries to get ahead; it is also shown by the communication setting – or the place in which communication takes place – for his talk with the stockbroker at the beginning of the movie on the steps of the stock exchange: this is what changes his life and leads him to become a stockbroker.
BREAK-DOWN IN COMMUNICATION: CHRIS’S RELATIONSHIP WITH HIS WIFE
Interpersonal communication also shows the viewer the breakdown in the marriage between Chris and his wife Linda. One way in which they do this is through nonverbal communication, or ways of communicating that do not involved direct words: the scene where he and his wife are in bed together, and he pulls away when she tries to touch him, then she rolls over and yanks the blankets onto her side, is a great way of showing the breakdown in their relationship. It is also shown through feedback, or the response that one person gives another while they are communicating: his wife’s unbelieving and angry response to his suggestion that he go and apply to be a stockbroker is a good example of feedback. His relationship with his wife is a complementary relationship – that is, it is a relationship where one person reacts to what the other person is doing and their differences are highlighted: this is shown in the scene where Chris follows Linda angrily down the street, and they get into a shouting match about their son and her leaving them. This relationship is also shown through sending and receiving of messages to each other: in another words, of the things Chris says to Linda and the things she says in return. On the balcony, Chris is trying to send a message to Linda that things are going to be all right, but Linda receives the message angrily and does not believe him. This scene is a good example, too, of over-attribution : or the placing of too much importance on one part of who someone is: Linda seems to be blaming all their problems on Chris as he struggles to be a provider. This also shows the communication barrier – anything which prevents one party from sending a message to another – which is the feelings of anger they have for one another and which prevent them from really talking to each other.
Indirect Show of the Conflict between Linda and Chris. The movie does not only show the breakdown in the marriage between Linda and Chris directly. It also shows it indirectly. One example of this is the scene in the liquor store, where Chris is frantically seek information about his wife who has just left him and his neighbor is babbling on about the game. This is an example of noise, or anything in the outside environment that distracts from communication. .
THE TIE THAT BINDS: CHRIS’S RELATIONSHIP WITH HIS SON
The strongest and healthiest relationship in this movie is Chris’s relationship with his son Christopher, and this is shown through many methods of interpersonal communication throughout the course of this movie. Their discussion about the connotation – or the exact meaning – of words is shown wonderfully in his discussion with Christopher on the difference between “probably” and “possibly” when they are talking about going to the gain; this is in contrast to the discussion on the “f-word” in the beginning of the movie: Chris gives his son the connotative meaning – or the emotional importance of the word; he tells Christopher that it is an “adult word” and is “shows anger”. The encoding – or the process of putting ideas into a message – and decoding —the process of taking in the message and trying to understand it – are shown in the scene at the basketball court, where Chris tells his son not to believe people when they tell him he can’t do something, and Christopher takes this message in. This scene is also a good example of enculturation, or the way that one generation passes on its beliefs to another generation, and, too, of active listening: Chris really seems to be taking in what his father has told him.
Displays of Affection between Chris and his Son. Throughout the movie, even when they are frustrated or angry at each other, there is an affection between father and son, an other-orientation, or a state in which one person is very attuned to and attentive to the other. This is best shown in the scene in the church where Chris takes his son’s hand and kisses it. This is also underscored in their relationship dimension – which is communication that speaks of the relationship between the two people communicating and not on any outside factor. A scene to demonstrate this is where Chris scoops up his son in daycare and holds him as the movie ends. It also demonstrates affirmation, or a show of support, even if non-verbally.
Throughout this movie, interpersonal communication is evident in the ways the characters interact with each other and with themselves. Together, these various methods of communication show us Chris’s relationships with himself, his wife, and his son. It is primarily these relationships which drive the movie.
Employment of proper time management procedures can prove to be extremely beneficial in personal growth, in the workplace, as well as reducing stress to enhance overall well being. Time is indeed an important element that is considered to have a great impact on how people live their lives. Relatively, it is also assumed to have great power over the condition of living that is lead by every individual. This is the reason why it is strongly suggested that time be managed accordingly not only for the sake of considering its value, but also for the sake of making a great impact on how the manner of living that one assumes in relation to the power that it has over the said individual.
Stress and anger
Conflict form part of people’s livelihood, every moment of time people conflict in ideas and opinions. There exist many types of conflicts; some of the most common types include domestic conflicts, where people of a given family or household engage in constant loggerheads with each other (Deutsch & Coleman, 2000). Causes of such may be land issues, inheritance, and leadership among others. Another type of conflict is the social conflict. This is where a person is at conflicting interest with certain aspects in the community. These may include norms, rules, and regulations, social cultures among other things.
The book “Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Stick and Others Die” by Chip and Dan Heath is an objectified look at ideas, starting broadly and gradually getting more narrow, and literally why some remain time-tested, and others do not. There is definitely great merit to this book as a whole, and the ideas the authors were trying to get across.
- In the assigned article “Tips on Honing Your Writing,” we are told that “the outline is the most important step in writing—it is the architecture of writing; words and sentences are just the interior decoration” (Joseph, 1990, p. 103).
Question: ¨Does this statement surprise you? Why or why not? Why is the outline the most important step—even more that the actual draft?
No, this does not surprise me; the outline organizes all thought, points, or quotes into a cohesive thesis. This is vital in conveying ideas in any type of writing. The outline is the most important step because it tells you whether you even have an actual draft. It illustrates where information is thin, where its overbearing, as well as how the ideas transition. Without an outline, the writer is essentially flying blind, which results in overly-fluffed writing with words for the purpose of length.
This outline pertains to the presentation of a situation that might happen in the future in relation to working conditions and the relationship shared with colleagues. Often such condition occurs due to certain disagreements that involve the connection of personnel to higher staff administrators. In the outline that follows, the mediation and arbitration procedures that needs to be given attention to in cases of communication conflicts that may occur in the workplace.
Susan Glaspell’s 1916 one act play, “Trifle” was written to loosely represent true life events. It was not intended to be for solely for entertainment purposes, but to tell a much deeper needed lesson. This play delves into feminism and social inequality on many levels. Understanding the underlying meaning behind this work tells a far greater and important story to the viewer or reader. Inequality is still a prevalent issue in today’s society, but it is not nearly like it was during the period of this play. Women have lived silently under the rule and expectation of their men, and this is a breaking point when one woman’s strength changes the way a community views on a female’s role.
College of Saint Benedict and Saint John University (2013). Stress and Time Management. March 13, 2013. http://www.csbsju.edu/chp/health-promotion/health-advocates/mental-health/stress-and-time-management.htm
College of Saint Benedict and Saint John University (2013) provide that stress in the body is normal and results from automatic responses to changes. It goes ahead to provide that stress can be either ineffectual or good, and the same is highly individual and varies with individuals. Where stress becomes unmanageable it results in distress, but where stress is manageable, it tends to work for the individual and, therefore, becomes beneficial. Stress can result from either external factors, internal factors or relational factors. Consequently, stress can manifest through physical, emotional, mental, spiritual, social, or behavioral symptoms. Further, it is critical to manage stress, and this can be achieved through the identification of stressors and reactions while changing the stressful situations and increasing health reactions of coping with stress (College of Saint Benedict and Saint John University 2013).
College of Saint Benedict and Saint John University (2013) provides an analysis of management of stress and identify that stress is essential in providing motivation to individuals. In light of this, it becomes evident that in order to motivate an individual to complete any given task and within the required time stress is essential, but the same contained under manageable standards to ensure desirable results. The concept of management of stress, therefore, connects with the idea of time management and in order to manage time it is critical to manage stress first. It is clear, therefore, to note that the idea of stress management plays a crucial role in the determination of strategies aimed at managing time. The analysis by College of Saint Benedict and Saint John University (2013) plays a pivotal role in time management.
Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. “Time Management”, 2007, Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. March 13, 2013.
Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (2007) provide an argument that time management translates to the accomplishment of the most important to an individual. The practicality of strategies for management of time according to their argument is dependent on good prioritizing. With the advancement of time management strategies, it is necessary to ensure that the odds favor the individual. The development of an overview of the task informs prioritization of these tasks and facilitates the organization of goals according to these priorities. It is important to note that the provision of categories of the urgency of tasks assists in the formulation of a plan that facilitates time management according to these priorities. Consequently, it is necessary to avoid overdoing the planning since adding techniques can lead to more problems.
Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (2007) in their analysis of time management put into consideration the techniques applied in the management and provide a discussion of the attainment of these techniques. These techniques, as discussed by Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign are essential in the process of time management. Therefore, this analysis as well as the techniques discussed there to is relevant to the research. It is noteworthy, that in order to manage time it is critical to adopt various techniques towards this end and these techniques provided for in Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (2007).
Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (2007) state “Many people strive to employ time management skills that can only work for others. Consequently, they end up getting disappointed. In many cases, this happens owing to their failure to identify the goals most beneficial to them.’’ The general misconception is that time management techniques that work for others work for everyone. The reality is that these techniques cannot apply to everyone since they must be identifiable to personal goals and structured towards the attainment of these goals (Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign 2007). In essence, Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (2007) stipulate that it is not practical to adopt time management techniques and apply them as they are, but it is necessary to tailor these techniques to fit the individual goals in order to render them productive.
Mayo Clinic staff. “Time management: Tips to reduce stress and improve productivity”, June 20, 2012, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. March 13, 2013.
Mayo clinic staff (2012) provides that time management not only ensures completion of more but also has health benefits. The staff articulates that where organizational skills do not come naturally it is essential to adopt strategies to ensure time management. The staff provides a number of strategies that help ensure time management and these strategies include planning each day, prioritizing tasks and declining non-essential tasks. Additionally, they provide that delegation of work is an essential strategy as well as taking the required time to deliver quality work. Breaking larger tasks into smaller tasks also ensure the task is completed in time. Practice, evaluation of time limiting distractions, taking breaks when necessary, exercising, getting plenty of sleep, as well as taking timed management courses assist in time management (Mayo clinic staff 2012).
The strategies set forth by Maya staff (2012) show diversity in the application and cover the essential; areas that are necessary for time management. The various strategies discussed by the staff ensure that the concept of time management is covered. It also provides that where one strategy is practical additional strategies can also be employed to ensure that time be better managed. The strategies discussed by Maya staff (2012) will prove to be critical in time management as these strategies share the same goal with time management. The aim of these strategies as well as time management is to ensure that time are utilized in a productive manner and, therefore, touch on the subject of time management.
College of Saint Benedict and Saint John University (2013). Stress and Time Management. March 13, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.csbsju.edu/chp/health-promotion/health-advocates/mental-health/stress-and-time-management.htm
Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. (2007). “Time Management” Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. Retrieved from http://www.counselingcenter.illinois.edu/?page_id=123
Mayo Clinic staff. (2012). Time management: Tips to reduce stress and improve productivity. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/time-management/wl00048
Dr. Marilyn Manning argues that effective teams are not random outcomes but require proper planning because team members have diverse characteristics and backgrounds and team members are often inherited rather than chosen. Dr. Manning suggests approaching the task of team development just like a project, thus, planning should include certain tasks such as defining desired outcomes, setting measurable goals, designing game plan, setting benchmarks and deadlines, and keeping everyone focused on same objectives (Katzenback & Smith, 1993).