Life Span/Life expectancy outline


  1. Life Span
    1. Thesis: There are both controllable and uncontrollable factors that affect an individual’s life span; however, there is a point where it changes from a preventative measure to an unethical practice.
    2. Normal Life Span
      1. The average life span of today’s day and age. Compare that to a decade ago and analyze whether it is a positive or negative change.
        1. The average life span in today’s day in age is 70 years.
        2. A decade prior the average life expectancy was 80 years of age.
      2. Factors that can drastically change that average.
        1. Health related factors, uncontrollable.
        2. Health related factors, self inflicted such as drinking and smoking.
        3. Obesity and other diseases.
  • Identify individual preventative measures to extend a life span that can be done without any outside help.
    1. Routine doctor visits and preventative exams.
    2. Diet, exercise and overall moderation.
  1. Life Expectancy
    1. Prolonging life expectancy
      1. Intervening in the aging process, current practices that are altering the natural life expectancy.
        1. Manipulation of aging genes.
        2. Altering telomere length in cell nuclei.
        3. Generation of replacement organs using stem cells.
      2. The types of interventions that is controversial due to the ethical question.
      3. Objections have arisen based on the premise of utilitarian and consequentiality approaches; a justice-based and equalitarian-based perspective; as well as natural law and divine law.
      4. Other considerations include cost and benefits of the extended longevity; human safety of the trials; equality of access; and altering the human aging process.
  • How many years will this prolong an individuals life.
  1. Once these processes are perfected, the average life span is expected to reach 120 years of age.
  2. The government’s role in monitoring and sponsoring the treatment of extending human life.
  3. The price tag involved in prolonging and extending the human life expectancy.