The following sociogram depicts Morag’s family and surrounding support system:
This depiction of Morag and her immediate surrounding support system, comprised of family and friends, in addition to her therapist. Morag and David’s recent move from Aberdeen has been very stressful for many reasons and there has been a difficult period of adjustment associated with this transition. In this context, it is observed that the use of a sociogram offers a number of benefits in order to determine how to best move forward in determining how to best move forward with life changes and to understand social networks more effectively.
From a population-based perspective, the use of sociograms are likely to be effective in the utilization of focus group studies to explore specific determinants of health (Drahota and Dewey, 2008). In this context, it is important to identify specific parallels within groups and between individuals in order to accomplish objectives associated with health assessments and wellbeing (Drahota and Dewey, 2008). Health assessments possess a unique social framework that cannot be ignored when evaluating specific population groups and their health needs (O’Brien, 2005). This requires a comprehensive approach to examine populations, including biological and social concerns (O’Brien, 2005). In particular, social needs are highly relevant in health assessments because they offer a greater understanding of the needs of patients and their specific needs, including social identity and group placement (O’Brien, 2005). Furthermore, nursing assessments should encompass these objectives and provide further evaluation of the social and spiritual needs of patients (O’Brien, 2005). These assessment criteria are relevant in Morag’s example because they help to identify her specific needs more effectively.
Sociograms are also used in different settings to accomplish other objectives, such as understanding children in a classroom setting (Tuke Flanders, 2012). In this context, it is important to identify the specific factors that contribute to social interactions and networks, as these could also impact healthcare outcomes for specific population groups, particularly if definitive patterns are observed that could lead to specific health risks or other complications. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the specific factors that contribute to effective outcomes for individuals and their relationship to specific groups in order to better determine how to move forward in achieving greater health outcomes over the long term. This is an important opportunity to explore the different dimensions of population assessments that may describe patterns of negative behavior that should be evaluated more closely over time.
The use of sociograms in determining population-based health concerns and in conducting assessments requires a greater understanding of the different elements that capture group-based behaviors that may lead to significant challenges over time. If the sociogram is sufficiently detailed, there is a greater likelihood that population-based challenges will be addressed more effectively. Population-based concerns must be considered in order to accomplish the desired objectives and to demonstrate that social groups and interactions are likely to play a role in shaping health behaviors in different ways. These efforts also support the development of new frameworks to better accommodate the needs of populations that exhibit specific behaviors in their daily lives.
Health care possesses its own level of social networking that also supports the development of new ideas and approaches to better accommodate the needs of patients in specific settings (Lewis and Fisher, 2012). In addition, areas of importance such as physician networks are likely to be positively impacted by different group-based evaluations in order to determine how to best move forward in determining health-related factors that contribute to general wellbeing (Lewis and Fisher, 2012). These efforts must be addressed in the context of their ability to provide greater insight into specific groups and why various behaviors are likely to occur (Lewis and Fisher, 2012). Therefore, the issues surrounding social networks are indeed important in demonstrating the impact of social groups on behaviors and trends in healthcare that must be addressed more effectively in order to accomplish health-related objectives in the desired manner (Lewis and Fisher, 2012).
The example sociogram for Morag and her family demonstrates that Morag is currently facing a variety of stressors in her life that are creating challenges for herself and her wellbeing. Therefore, Morag is finding it difficult to cope with the challenges that she faces because she feels guilty regarding her move when her father is ill, coupled with the difficulties that her son is facing. Therefore, it is important to identify the different areas of Morag’s life that could be impacted by the use of the sociogram because it emphasizes her social network and how this is impacted by the decisions that she makes. This is an important tool that may provide benefits in population-based studies and health assessments to enable researchers and public health experts to identify specific factors that influence populations across various social networks. For Morag and her family, specific indicators within the sociogram demonstrate her struggles and her connection to her family and friends, along with the challenges that she faces with respect to her father’s health and her own level of stress and general wellbeing.
Drahota, A., and Dewey, A. (2008). The sociogram: a useful tool in the analysis of focus groups. Nursing Research, 57(4), 293-297.
Hucker, K. (2001). Research methods in health, care, and early years. Heinemann.
Lewis, V.A., and Fisher, E.S. (2012). Social networks in health care: so much to learn. Journal of the American Medical Association, 308(3), 294-296.
O’Brien, S. Chapter 8: Social Assessment in Healthcare. From Vital Notes for Nurses: Health Assessment, pp. 264-287.
Tuke Flanders, C. (2012). The use of sociograms in child psychology. Retrieved from http://child-psychology-in-practice.blogspot.com/2012/04/using-sociograms-when-practicing-child.html