Categories
Political Science

Research Proposal – Empirical Political Analysis

  1. INTRODUCTION

Youth crime rates in America are the subject of research and statistical analysis. There have been studies concluded by many government agencies to determine trends. However, delinquency among young people is influenced by many factors; such as parental involvement, education and sociological background. Family structure statistics are scarce in Florida, therefore, the authors would like to compare trends and housing statistics with juvenile crime rates based on race.  The current proposal also addresses the question whether this relationship is based on family conditions, age, location and sociological patterns.

  1. THESIS

Several statistics and reports will be analyzed and compared based on states records in order to prove the thesis and reveal the reason for juvenile delinquency. The purpose of the study is to help determine the most vulnerable teenage groups that need state support and special attention to prevent them in engaging in gang crime and substance abuse and aggression. Focusing on girls in Florida, suggesting that they are more vulnerable than boys,

The authors would like to prove the thesis that:

“Conviction for juvenile delinquency among females than males in Florida.”

The research would examine parental involvement, the family structure, housing conditions, schooling and sociological background comparing the variables based on states in order to determine the difference between national and Florida statistics.

  1. RESEARCH DATA

Studies (Schroeder et al., 2010, Wardle, 2007) will be analyzed, alongside with crime and housing statistics from the Census Bureau, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Florida Department of Juvenile Justice. Literature from previous research will also be reviewed in order to determine the right variables and research methodology.  The data on housing will be provided by the Housing Characteristics Data Brief (2010) by the Data Census Bureau.

The below table shows the comparison of female juvenile offense cases based on state comparison for the year 2011. Florida is on the 3rd place.

Sex by State, 2011

Selecting:  
Sex Female
Age 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 to 20, 21 to 24
  Count Female Total  
  United States 31,484,051 31,484,051  
  Alabama 494,699 494,699  
  Alaska 75,040 75,040  
  Arizona 663,028 663,028  
  Arkansas 295,458 295,458  
  California 3,965,464 3,965,464  
  Colorado 501,166 501,166  
  Connecticut 349,193 349,193  
  Delaware 91,028 91,028  
  District of Columbia 66,960 66,960  
  Florida 1,761,007 1,761,007  
  Georgia 1,028,342 1,028,342  
  Hawaii 125,118 125,118  
  Idaho 168,767 168,767  
  Illinois 1,305,105 1,305,105  
  Indiana 678,833 678,833  
  Iowa 308,970 308,970  
  Kansas 295,616 295,616  
  Kentucky 428,739 428,739  
  Louisiana 480,480 480,480  
  Maine 119,168 119,168  
  Maryland 575,810 575,810  
  Massachusetts 661,457 661,457  
  Michigan 1,018,659 1,018,659  
  Minnesota 524,260 524,260  
  Mississippi 318,064 318,064  
  Missouri 604,900 604,900  
  Montana 94,772 94,772  
  Nebraska 187,407 187,407  
  Nevada 264,392 264,392  
  New Hampshire 127,285 127,285  
  New Jersey 834,130 834,130  
  New Mexico 212,366 212,366  
  New York 1,940,278 1,940,278  
  North Carolina 965,397 965,397  
  North Dakota 70,758 70,758  
  Ohio 1,153,149 1,153,149  
  Oklahoma 387,049 387,049  
  Oregon 369,534 369,534  
  Pennsylvania 1,253,439 1,253,439  
  Rhode Island 111,032 111,032  
  South Carolina 470,806 470,806  
  South Dakota 82,425 82,425  
  Tennessee 634,741 634,741  
  Texas 2,762,748 2,762,748  
  Utah 339,652 339,652  
  Vermont 61,543 61,543  
  Virginia 800,501 800,501  
  Washington 663,538 663,538  
  West Virginia 169,514 169,514  
  Wisconsin 567,243 567,243  
  Wyoming 55,021 55,021  

The total number of juvenile offenses in the state is 19,057,542, and this means that there are more female offenders than male ones in Florida, or they get convicted more often. This adds up 51 percent of the total juvenile crimes.

The estimated female population of 10-24 year old juveniles living in the United States is 9,736,166 compared to 9,321,376 of males. However, historical data will also be used to determine the trends and the reasons for the high rate of delinquency. Examining the conviction and reporting rates, the authors would like to investigate whether higher delinquency rates among female juveniles are the result of higher prevalence of delinquent behavior or higher reporting rates.

The Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics will provide historical data on detention and court proceedings. On the national scale, in 2010 out of 381.500 cases involving female offenders, 212,600 were non-petitioned. However, out of a total of 986.700 court cases involving male offenders, only 422.400 petitioned cases are present. This suggests that on the national level, there are fewer cases referred to the court involving female offenders than males, and males are more likely to be petitioned. Reviewing the 2010 statistics of Florida court cases, the authors would like to review whether delinquency of males and females is treated equally by the criminal justice system.

References:

Alfrey, C. (2010) Juvenile Delinquency and Family Structure: Implications for Marriage and    Relationship Education. Web.

Census Bureau Statistics. Crime Rates by State, 2008 and 2009. Web. U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2012

Florida Department of Juvenile Justice. Web. <http://www.djj.state.fl.us/research/delinquency  -data/delinquency-profile>

Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Brief. U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration. U.S. CENSUS BUREAU. Web.

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Web. <http://www.ojjdp.gov>

Schroeder, R., Osgood, A., Oghia, M. (2010) Family Transitions and Juvenile Delinquency. Sociological Inquiry, Vol. 80, No. 4, November 2010, 579–604.

Wardle, L. (2007) The Rise Of Juvenile Delinquency. Journal Of Law & Family Studies. Vol. 10.  83-110.

Wilson, H. (1987). Parental supervision re-examined. British Journal of Criminology 27(3) (Summer):275-301

Puzzanchera, C., Sladky, A. and Kang, W. (2012). “Easy Access to Juvenile Populations: 1990- 2011.” Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezapop/