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Religion Sociology

How does religion influence human being

Religion plays an important role in everyday life. A person’s religious beliefs can affect various aspects of his/her life. Religion is not always about accepting or living by a certain set of beliefs, but it can be about the way those beliefs indirectly influences one’s life. Religious beliefs may instil morals and values in a person that will in turn influence the decisions he/she makes about the type of life he/she leads. Religion is defined as a set of beliefs, cultural systems, or views of the world that relates the human being to the supernatural realm. Numerous studies have been conducted to determine why religion plays such an important aspect in society. Great debates have been pursued about various religions and the people who practice them. Religion has a much greater impact on society than the average person realizes. Human society is built on religion, so even if one doesn’t believe in a particular religion, he/she is still inadvertently affected by a religious society. Consequently, almost every aspect of one’s daily life is influenced in some way by one religion or another. One of the greatest influences that religion has on everyday life is the fact that many of the laws and social and cultural beliefs that are practiced are based upon religious teachings. These laws are the foundation of the society that humans know. Because these laws govern our daily behaviour, in essence humans are behaving according to religious doctrine. Religious beliefs are an intricate part of each human being that shapes their social interaction, family life, type of job they work, whether or not they attend religious services, the role they play in society as a female or male, and their economic life.

Religious beliefs help to keep and maintain order in society. Religious practices also help to comfort humans and explain why tragic events happen. By nature humans are naturally sociable creatures. Humans learn from each other and often work better with the help and ideas of others. Without religion, people would not be able to live together and function in society. Religious beliefs govern the way people interact with one another in society. Religion is used by society members to comfort one another in time of crisis. Religious groups ban together to pray when tragic events happen. Many religious people admit that they are able to face a world of crime and violence because of their strong religious beliefs. Religious beliefs are used in to comfort bereaved families. Funeral, wakes, tributes, memorials, and other rituals all have their foundations in one religion or another. Many of the Ten Commandments are actual state laws that one could be penalized for violating. Nonetheless, most cultures have vowed to separate church and state. One religious belief can also affect one’s social status. Many time in small town when someone is seeking political office, one of the aspects of their lives that is mentioned is their religious affiliation. In order to live productively in society together, humans must be able to resolve conflict in a peaceful manner. Again, religion plays a role in conflict resolution. Must religions have a set of guidelines that govern how conflicts should be resolved among believers. Most religious believers follow these guidelines and only revert to state law when no other actions can be taken.

Religion also affects aspects of family life. The act of marriage is a religious convention. Whether or not a couple gets married, has children, divorces, use contraceptives, or attends some type of religious services each week all depends upon religion. With nearly fifty percent of all marriages today ending in divorce, many scholars are examining whether or not a family’s religious beliefs has an effect on its cohesiveness. Marriages end in divorce over many dilemmas from money to the best way to raise and discipline children. Many studies have concluded that families that practice religious beliefs and rituals together tend to be happier and more loving. When couples have religious grounding in their relationship they tend to not argue as much as couple who do not because many religions have the role of each person in the relationship outlined. If each person is willing to abide by the guidelines set for him/her, the possibility of arguing of the general government of the family is slim. Statistics also show that children who come from loving, two parent homes have a better chance at success than their counterparts. Religious people feel that these statistics are no mistake because a higher being designed it that way. Many religions have guidelines as to the role of the mother and father. Many religions convey that the role of the woman is to bear children, while the role of the man is to provide the finances. Disciplining children has become a huge controversy lately. The law says that whipping is a crime, while many religions teach that discipline is necessary. Nonetheless, it is quite obvious that in order for a marriage to work, the couple must be operating under some type of guidelines.

One’s profession may be influenced by religious beliefs. Many people were taught that an honest dollar was a good dollar, but many people refuse to work certain types of jobs due to their religious beliefs. There have been many heated debates in the news lately about abortions and casinos. Many religions teach that abortions are wrong because it is murder. As a result, people who support this will not work for physicians or clinics that perform abortions. They may feel that if they work in a place that performs abortions that they are somehow condoning the action. Likewise, many people will not accept the services of a doctor or nurse that performs or assists in the act of abortion. Religious people often ask their doctor or nurse these questions before eliciting their services. Likewise, many religions profess that gambling is wrong too. Consequently, no matter how desperate a person may be for a job, he or she will not take a job at a casino because of religious beliefs. Another example is massage parlours. There are an endless number of religions that convey that the woman’s body should be covered properly and not seen by strange men. Most women at massage parlours wear very skimpy clothing to elicit male customers. Likewise, some women do not patronize massage parlours out of fear of being stereotyped.

Attending some type of religious service is a religious ritual. Surveys have confirmed that a high percentage of people attend some type of religious service on a regular basis. In some instances, people don’t attend religious services because they believe in the particular religion, but because it has become a routine for them. They grew up attending a service and they continued when they were grown. As a result, they now attend with their family. Or, attending a religious service may be expected by the community in which they live. Many people attend services because everyone else in their neighbourhood does or because people they work with attend the same service. Whatever the reason may be, people seem to go. Some people even attend more than one service per week. Although many people are unaware of it, in some denominations people hold offices in their religious establishments. With these offices comes societal and economic prestige.  Some religious organizations demand that their member donate a certain percentage of their family’s earnings.

The role of males and female in society has been determined for years. As children, humans are taught that some roles are feminine, while others are masculine. Female children are given dolls and male children are given trucks. These teachings stem from the false assumption that women are naturally passive and men are naturally aggressive. Nonetheless, societal roles are being transformed in today’s society. Women are going out and working while men stay home and take care of the home and children. There are men who decide to become school teachers and women who want are professional truck drivers.  The way people teach their children about these roles are rooted in religious beliefs. As a result, humans grow into the roles they will have later in life. Sadly, those people who do not fit into the cookie cutter design are ostracized by society. The religious connotation of these roles is still state law in many places. The institution of marriage is defined as a woman and man in many states today; the same way it is defined in most religions. People who object to these rules are deemed deviants and trouble makers.

Deciding to live meagrely or extravagant is also rooted in religious beliefs. Most people who are religious practices decide to live meagrely. Living extravagantly is seen as a waste by most religions. Donating to charities, volunteering, tithing, and helping the poor in general are seen as wealth to religious people. In most religions, the main teacher was of poor upbringings. For example, in Christianity, Christ was poor. He didn’t own anything and live the life of a nomad, moving from place to place. As a result of this teaching, and others like it, many people believe it is a sin to be wealthy.

The roots of religious practices are manifested in various aspects of human life. Even people who profess that they are not religious are still inadvertently affected by religion. Every member of the civilized world is subject to societal laws, and depending upon where one lives those laws could come directly from some religious teaching. Some type of religion has been present to humans from the very beginning of existence. Many practices have evolved and changed over time, but can be traced back to one particular religion or another. Much research has been conducted to try to uncover the meaning of it all, but one definitive meaning has remained elusive. People who practice religious beliefs seem happier, content with life, and more purpose driven than people who do not practice at all. Religion affects how members of society interact with one another. It determines if one will get married or cohabitate. Religion determines the type of job or career one pursues.  Religion affects all aspects of one life both directly and indirectly.

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Sociology

Music as Social Life

Introduction

     Do it yourself (DIY) ideologies have been associated with music emerging from concepts of rebellion; individualism and free thought. Essentially, it has been linked to socio-political beliefs of a punk music subculture. In terms of participatory effects it is expressed sociologically, through spoken language, in art forms, music, fashion and various types of recordings. This exposition examines concepts of participatory music as it relates to this do it yourself (DIY) ideology. Importantly, an exploration into Irish Music Event, Bloomington Farm Market, and Country dance will be embraced as various aspects of do-it yourself ideologies are transposed into these dimensions of music forms.

          According to John Bealle (2013) scene theory has been applied in describing the social, economic, and geographical aspects of urban popular music. In this analysis aspect of this theory will be cited in analyzing how music is an integral part of social life and actually emerging as a basis of physical social and spiritual communication. The analyst contends that scene theory at first was associated with jazz, which carried its peculiar genre embodied in music depicting blues invoking a specific energy for participation (Bealle, 2013).

          Bealle (2013) continues to describe the theory by outlining the assumption that there appears to be a semiotic gap between the scene and the community. Further it is explained  where the identity of scene and community is closely linked to  the’ complex interplay of longevity of residence, property ownership, access to heritage discourse, access to resources elsewhere, and so on’ ( Bealle, 2013, pp 14). As such, when the ability to align community with scenes is evident music achieves its transformative impact. This is how Social influences outside of the music content itself creates a scene whereby zoning, the use of alcoholic beverages, enforcing dress codes; age limits and specific geographic locations in which the music can be aired all combine to develop the participatory portion of the music culture (Bealle, 2013).Music is influenced by norms and norms also impact the extent to which music is participatory

Summary

                The Irish music event consisted of an indigenous genre from where the music originated.  Most successful genres have been rock and popular tradition. In the American context it has been fused into what is known as rock and roll as well as punk and rock. Traditional Irish music event was conducted by singing songs that would invoke a drinking energy. Often they were referred to as drinking ballads and sung either unaccompanied or accompanied by harps and a variety of other musical instruments. Obviously, the participatory element was embodied in the singing; drinking and dance which included polka movements (Sawyers, 2002).There are distinct symbolic associations with this music event because it initiates obvious physical responses communicated in the dance.

            Bloomington Farm Market is an ethnographic event where people gather weekly to purchase vegetables harvested through organic cultivation. Usually, the market is located at a central spot where it can be located. Often as people go about their other shopping thy stop and make a purchase from observation samples of fruits are offer for tasting and people sit on the benches as they chatter participating in the lively shopping environment. The busy downtown atmosphere invokes a community spirit.

           Country dance was observed to be a social dance form. In this encounter couples dance interacting with each other as a couple then in pairs together as a group. It is performed by each dancer moving towards his/her partner dancing and facing each other. Individual couple groups dance forward to the other couples’ group. The set moving long ways is usually formed by a row of men making a line to face the women. They form line two facing the men; moving towards them as the music is played and they dance in this very significant formation for a while.

     Traditionally, this dance culture originated from the British country dance. It was first designed and choreographed by John Playford a Londoner in 1651. His strategy has been extensively applied to several other dance forms beside county dance known also as the longways formation. It has been widely used also in square dances, “round about the room” sets, which but be considered distinct from country dances and triangular dance sets where three set of couples are used to complete the routine ( Robbins,2011).

          In some cultures country dancing is also accepted as a part of the folk dance culture.  Many people own it as a tradition embodied in their socialization. Some analysts’ contend that country dance is not a demonstration exercise, but rather a participation entertainment. In highlighting its participatory nature, they emphasize the distinction between country and folk dance forms are the Clogging aspect, which can be interpreted as is primarily dancing for demonstration purposes. Further arguments are that social interaction encompassing county dance adds to the communal nature of the music art form, which has become distinguishable as it pertains to ballroom, and other forms of couple dances whereby dancers dance embrace and dance with their partners, but do not relate to other couples within their environment in designing a communal event (Robbins,2011).

Argument Analysis

        Music is influenced by norms and norms also impact the extent to which music is participatory. Reflecting on the theme scene theory it must be understood when applying music to the do it yourself (DIY) ideology regarding its participatory nature a ‘complex interplay of longevity of residence, property ownership, access to heritage discourse, access to resources elsewhere, and so on’ ( Bealle, 2013, pp 14) are embraced.

       Longevity of residence, property ownership, access to heritage discourse are all elements informing the community features that influence music norms identified as various genre. For example, the ethnographic interpretation of Irish music event clearly is impacted by the norms that determine what type of ballad is accepted as one that initiates drinking. Tradition is rooted in longevity of residence, property ownership, and access to heritage discourse. Participation is the social action emerging from how norms are held sacred when music forms are activated as cultural communication tools.

         Data observed in compiling the country dance highlighted the experience as a social dance form. Insidiously, the normative nature separates country dance from all other similar dance traditions to say that the social interaction encompassing this activity adds to the communal nature of the music art form, which has become distinguishable as it pertains to ballroom, and other forms of couple dances whereby dancers embrace and dance with their partners, but do not relate to other couples within their environment in designing a communal event. Ideologically, the do it yourself (DIY) philosophy is maintained in the normative tradition since it is subsequently emphasized that country dance is not a demonstration exercise, but rather a participation entertainment. In highlighting its participatory nature, analysts confirmed the distinction between country and folk dance forms to be the Clogging aspect, which can be interpreted as primarily dancing for demonstration purposes (Robbins, 2011). Hence, here again the social action relationship is engraved in a norm related to the dance routine, which  impacts longevity of residence being its traditional arrangement, property ownership, access to heritage discourse designed by the Londoner John Playford in 1651. Property ownership now becomes intellectual property as well regarding who owns the music forms and successfully market it across cultures.

        People engage in music forms mainly for participations while it can be demonstration to the extent of entertainment such as punk, ballroom and liturgical dancing. Patterns of behaviors are either meetings as a group to enjoy the activity together or attending a music function as part of an entertainment. Music conception is participatory because people either sign or dance to the music as feelings, and meanings for this event are expressed. Precisely, the ‘and so on’ ( Bealle 2013, pp 14) of Bealle (2013) scene theory explains how norms also impact the extent to which music is participatory since zoning, the use of alcoholic beverages, enforcing dress codes; age limits and specific geographic locations in which the music can be aired all combine to develop the participatory portion of the music culture ( Bealle, 2013).

Significance/Conclusion

         In assessing the significance of music as a form of social action it forces one to embrace its importance in communicating the deep beliefs and desires of a people. For example, the legendary Bob Marley used music to express world views related to the Rastafarian movement evolution in his society. In this sense the social action created by his music led to society developing a different perception of the movement. Music is important since many studies show where it is a healthy emotional nonviolent release (Robbins, 2011).

          Therefore, we can use music, participatory action, and DIY as a tool for remodeling society just by subtly communicating messages that insidiously impact the hearing through rhythm, sound that speak to the senses and reconstruct thought patterns. Precisely, music can produce calm that even medications cannot achieve. As such, it can be applied as a peace therapy in redirecting war patterns and strife across the world.

Works cited

Bealle, John. DIY Music and Scene Theory. Presented at the meetings of the Midwest Chapter of the Society for Ethnomusicology Cincinnati, Ohio, April 13, 2013. Print.               

Robbins, Donny. Country Dancing.YouTube.2011.

 Sawyers, June Skinner. The Complete Guide to Celtic Music London: 2002.Print

Categories
Sociology

Evaluation of US and Foreign Crime

Theories of crime differ not only by the approach but the discipline they are trying to explain the main motivations, triggers and behavior or criminals. Anthropology is looking at human and cultural aspects, while psychology is examining the thoughts and mental patterns leading to committing crime. Still, sociology is one of the most complex approaches that looks at the society’s role on human behavior and mental state. The below paper is designed to compare different crime evaluation methods from all three disciplines in order to compare their effectiveness and theories.

Categories
Sociology

Preparing for the End (PPT)

Preparing for the End

Categories
Sociology

Assessing Deviant Behavior in the Context of Social Stratification

According to Emile Durkheim, deviance serves a number of functional purposes in society, and is in fact both an important and necessary part of how society functions. In essence, Durkheim asserts that deviance provides a means by which the rest of society can measure its own norms. Deviance serves to affirm cultural values and norms, and helps to define moral boundaries (Macionis, 2012). Responses to deviance also help society bond together in their affirmation of the norms that restrict deviant behavior, while also helping to promote social change as some deviant behavior becomes acceptable through societal evolution (Macionis). Durkheim’s theory takes a largely structural-functional approach to understanding deviance, while other theories examine deviance through different perspectives. This paper will examine the use of marijuana and the ways that society is changing its views on the subject.

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Sociology

Reply to “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”

Dear Dr. King,

I am writing to respond to the letter you wrote while incarcerated in Birmingham in April 1963. In that letter you addressed a number of issues related to your fight for freedom and equality for yourself and your fellow Negroes. Today, citizens of the United States who are of African decent are no longer referred to as Negroes; the term most commonly used now is “African-American.” Much has changed for African-Americans since the day you wrote that letter. Some things have gotten much better, but unfortunately some things have gotten far worse than you could imagine. The fight for civil rights that you fought for so valiantly was won, and legislation was passed that ended segregation in the United States. The new laws were not enough to change people’s attitudes, however, and the end of segregation did not mean the end of racism. Even those with the best of intentions sometimes created circumstances that presented new challenges and obstacles for African-Americans. Despite the achievements of the civil rights movement, America still has a significant race problem.

Categories
Sociology

Global Climate Change

Claussen, E., ed. (2001). Climate change: Science, strategies, & solutions. Arlington, VA: Pew Center on Global Climate Change.

Published under the auspices of the prestigious Pew Center on Global Climate Change, this book offers a wealth of information on climate change and its impacts on society. Some of the major contributors includes Thomas Wigley of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, John Reilly of MIT, and Naoki Matsuo of the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies of Japan. According to Claussen, this book supports the thesis that “human influences, primarily from energy use and land-use policies, are affecting” Earth’s climate and that because   of the speed of this affect, the consequences for the next century “are likely to be very serious” (2001, p. x).

Categories
Sociology

Conflict Theory and Research

Introduction

The theory of conflict has deep origins in the perspective of sociology, especially in regards to power differentials in the levels of society, known as class conflict. Through history, this power struggle has been evident in major events through clashes of competing social interests, and has often taken many forms. The method by which this particular topic can be researched, and its implications, are discussed herein.

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Sociology

Work of Art Unit 1 Assignment

Intruduction

Sociology is a diverse subject, with many views on the way that society is defined according to its origins and development. Scientific, interpretative and critical sociology are three of the most recognized approaches to sociology, and along with its implications for society at large, as well as research into the scientific method in the future, are all discussed herein.

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Sociology

Social institutions in Canada

Chapter 11: Political and Economic System

Canada’s political system is embedded in democracy linking a federal system of parliamentary government with these strong democratic traditions. Importantly, this country is considered a constitutional monarchy. The monarch functions as the head of state and dispenses authority. Politically, it is designed within the confines of a multi-party system since many of its legislative practices were derived from the conventions written under the precedents established by Great Britain’s Westminster Parliament (Bickerton, 2009).

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Sociology

Mayor Bloomberg’s 16 oz Ban on Soda

Michael Bloomberg is the Mayor of Manhattan, New York City’s largest borough, and one of the United States top cities with the highest obesity rates amongst both kids and adults. “New York City is experiencing an obesity crisis. Obesity is among the most rapidly growing serious health problems we face as Americans. In the early 1960s it affected only 13 percent of Americans; by 2007-2008 one-third (34 percent) were obese. It is also a leading cause of preventable death, second only to tobacco, and kills 5,800 New York City residents per year” (Farley, 2013). Bloomberg has tried several measures to cut back on the use of unhealthy food and promote exercise in his city in a way to foster good health and lower the obesity rates, but few measures have had success.

Categories
Sociology

Hidden Victims: Questions and Response Paper

 

  1. 1. Identify two different cases that you encountered in reading Hidden Victims that
    provide clear examples of active participants in the system (dance of social order
    diagram) who are responding to families of the accused/convicted/condemned in ways that are contradictory to the consensus reality that the “average” citizen (such as yourself) believes reflects “our system of justice.”

The desire to serve justice is the main course by which courts operate. For instance, when certain criminal cases are handled, the main goal is to gather information to find a suspect, try the individual accused of the victim and specifically convict him to be able to serve the punishment that he deserves to ‘suffer’ as payment for what he did. In a world of compromise, there are instances when the court has to decide on whether to give more importance to the welfare of the victims or give attention to the concerns of the accused. In the reading on Hidden Victims, what is chosen by the justice system is the normative process by which they are expected to function, to serve justice to the victims of those who chose to take the wrong path.

Hence, as a result, those who are accused of a particular misdeed are often times readily mandated for a sin that they have not been proven to have done just yet. Furthermore, when the lawyers on the side of the victims find a relative source of strong evidence putting the accused in the position of conviction, the accused individuals are set to suffer punishments whether or not they did the case being placed upon their heads. In a way, this is how accused individuals who had no sins against the law are considered as hidden victims of the system of justice operating in the society today. The desire to put away the bad ones has caused the justice system to be blinded by the belief that they have actually been able to set aside the conditions of a just trial simply to be able to say that they were able to serve justice to the real victims of the crime.

Categories
Sociology

Perspective Paper: Most Impactful Book Regarding Race and Ethnicity

Both race and ethnicity seem to go hand in hand, but in reality, it is these two that qualities that tear people apart and put up walls between nations. In Massey and Denton’s “American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass”, the impact of the social injustice against Africans-Americans, Latinos and Puerto Ricans hits afresh.

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Sociology

Perspective Paper: Conversation, Readings of Race and Ethnic Relations In The United States

Race Relations in the United States

For a country that was supposedly founded on principles of freedom and equality for all, the United States has a very long, complicated, and very often dirty past when it comes to the social, political, and economic factors on race relations. For a country that considers itself forward thinking, progressive, and equal, the United States has shown very conflicting views and policies dealing with issues of race relations overall–not even limited to any particular minority. The United States, as a country founded on people attempting to escape oppression, seems to actually revert back to ethnocentrism when confronted with the new and unfamiliar, perhaps as a defense tactic against the oppression the “melting pot” of immigration has felt since before this country was considered its own country at all.