Culture essentially refers to certain aspects of how humans approach various aspects of life. It encompasses how humans cultivate their mind or soul, in terms of factors that are used to shape them into who they are. Culture in essence refers to factors that define an individual and determine the groups to which they belong. Important aspects of culture include: language, religion, cuisine, technology, social conventions, gender roles, recreational activities, aesthetics, values and social structure. Further, within a particular culture, there can be subcultures, mainly influenced by regions inhabited, or inherited cultural elements. Within the United States, there usually exist multiple subcultures, which can be directly related to the areas these groups inhabit, as well as the original nationalities they belong to. For instance, two cultures that are of particular interest, are the Chinese American and the Japanese American cultures. Chinese Americans, are individuals who are of American nationality, but are fully or partially Chinese. A majority of Chinese Americans are descendants of immigrants from Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau and mainland China, and as such, have essentially inherited a majority of their cultural elements. This situation is similar for Japanese Americans who are mostly descendants of Japanese immigrants to the United States in the late 1800s following the Meiji restoration. As such, the Japanese Americans have also largely inherited the various cultural elements they have.