West European Studies

Analytical Breakdown of 1870-1914 European Society

The second Industrial Revolution was experienced between 1870 and 1914 and this contributed to the rise of nationalism and imperial tensions, at home and abroad respectively, due to the need of increased markets and resources. In most European regions, strong nationalistic ideologies were experienced due to the crossroads of cultural, artistic and political developments. Therefore, nationalism is the desire of people to be ruled by themselves hence the expulsion of all foreign presence (Esteves 20). Nationalism tensions brought about the rise of World War I. However, this is mirrored by continental deterioration of European power balance due to the creation of unity between German and Italy. For the European society, industrialization succeeded, but German was confronted by geographical limitations. Since imperialism was not a nineteenth century creation, it is evident that industrialization led to the governance, as a result, of technological advances of more industrialized nations of Europe over Africa, Asia and New World, which are underdeveloped regions. Imperial expansion was affected by geopolitical interests or internal political stresses, rising rivalry internationally and the spread of the industrial revolution (Esteves 32). Africa benefited from the industrial revolution because Europeans came with vaccines and machine guns.