Feyerabend’s Epistemological Anarchism

  1. Introduction

Paul Feyerabend, the philosopher of science, is known for an approach to epistemology known as “epistemological anarchism.” This position entails an approach to science, in which standard rules of the scientific method are not to be accepted as dogma. In contrast, Feyerabend advocates a position of so-called “methodological pluralism”, whereby no limits are placed on methodological approaches beforehand. The reason for this, according to Feyerabend appears to be quite lucid and may be phrased as follows: the reason why there should be no such limits is because the very reason we perform scientific investigations is that there is something unknown, which we are attempting to discover; by stating that only one method in this investigation is correct, we are thereby presupposing more about this unknown object than we know. Therefore, we are committing a fundamental error in our approach.