Categories
English

Environmental Issues

DiMento, JFC, Doughman, PM. (2007). Climate Change: What It Means for Us, Our Children, and Our Grandchildren. The MIT Press, p. 3. Retrieved from           http://books.google.com/books?id=PXJIqCkb7YIC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_g   e_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

One of the major reasons that the world has yet to make progress towards slowing down and reversing human effects on the earth is due to social reasons. Many politicians argue that enacting climate change policy is too expensive and not worthwhile. In the United States, the division between the political opinions of Democrats and Republicans is a major contributing factor to this situation. Typically, Republicans claim that global warming is a hoax while Democrats actively advocate for environmental policies.

Knight J, KenneyJJ, Folland C, Harris G, Jones GS, Palmer M, Parker D, Scaife A. (2009). Do              Global Temperature Trends Over the Last Decade Falsify Climate Predictions?   Bull.Amer.Meteor.Soc,. 90 (8): S75–S79. Retrieved from   http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/media/pdf/j/j/global_temperatures_09.pdf

Global warming is typically thought of a process that involves the constant warming the earth’s surface. This study shows that global temperature change has slowed down within the last decade. Despite this, there is clear evidence that there has been climate change over a long time period and this is especially apparent when we graph temperature changes over each year.

NOAA. (2007). Patterns of greenhouse warming. GFDL Climate Modeling Research Highlights.             Retrieved from http://www.gfdl.noaa.gov/cms-filesystem-            action/user_files/kd/pdf/gfdlhighlight_vol1n6.pdf

This pamphlet summarizes the findings of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory. These studies traced the patterns of greenhouse warming and concluded that summer warming over continents may be accompanied by drier soils, the most warming is expected to occur during the winter in North America and north-central Asia, warming in this century will occur more over land than oceans, and the increase of surface air temperatures in response to increasing greenhouse gas levels will not be geographically uniform.

Raupach R, Marland G, Ciais P, Le Quéré C, Canadell G,  Klepper G, Field B. (2007). Global   and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions. Proceedings of the National          Academy of Sciences, 104 (24): 10288–10293. Retrieved from           http://www.pnas.org/content/104/24/10288

Carbon dioxide emissions are responsible for trapping heat in the atmosphere which is directly responsible for causing the Greenhouse Effect. These emissions have been increasing over the years as a result of several factors including more frequent use of fossil fuels and industrial processes. The article discusses the distribution of carbon dioxide emissions across the world, reasons for its release, and provides information on the growth of this practice.

Wentz FJ, Ricciardulli L, Hilburn K, Mears C. (2007). How Much More Rain Will Global         Warming Bring? Science, 317 (5835): 233–5. Retrieved from             http://www.sciencemag.org/content/317/5835/233.abstract

This article discusses the relationship between global warming and rain. It has been determined using climate models and scientific observation that the amount of water stored in the atmosphere will increase as the surface of the earth becomes warmer. While former studies indicate that precipitation will be released at only a portion of this rate, the group discovered that precipitation and surface warming have a direct relationship and an increase in one will lead to a proportional increase in the other. Therefore, global warming will cause a greater extent of precipitation.

Categories
Psychology

Correct Sources

Lindo, Jason M. (2011) “Parental Job Loss and Infant Health.” ScienceDirect.com. Journal of Health Economics. Retrieved from the Web 11 June 2013, from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167629611000798

Categories
Psychology

Understanding Communication: Interactions between Men and Women

The contrast between individuals communicating to each other is often considered to be strongly affected by the gender of the person. Being a man or a woman apparently has some effect on how one communicates his or her feelings towards other people. Not only that, the process of interpreting the words of others also creates a distinct way by which on is able to understand what is being conveyed by the other. It is understood that somehow, conflict often arise when such differences become evident in line with a particular conversation that individuals engage in. Through this research, several references regarding communication and gender differences shall be explored to be able to seek the right cause behind the conflict thus hoping to create possible resolutions to form better and more effective approach to communication. Presented herein are some of the primary references that shall be used for this research.

Categories
Sociology

Global Climate Change

Claussen, E., ed. (2001). Climate change: Science, strategies, & solutions. Arlington, VA: Pew Center on Global Climate Change.

Published under the auspices of the prestigious Pew Center on Global Climate Change, this book offers a wealth of information on climate change and its impacts on society. Some of the major contributors includes Thomas Wigley of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, John Reilly of MIT, and Naoki Matsuo of the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies of Japan. According to Claussen, this book supports the thesis that “human influences, primarily from energy use and land-use policies, are affecting” Earth’s climate and that because   of the speed of this affect, the consequences for the next century “are likely to be very serious” (2001, p. x).

Categories
Nursing

Baby Friendly Initiative and Breastfeeding Success

Introduction

The Baby Friendly Health Initiative (BFHI) has been implemented worldwide to facilitate the breastfeeding patterns during the early period after the infant’s birth. The need for this initiative emerged with the growing awareness of the major decline in the field of breastfeeding rates; the majority of mothers failed to provide their babies with breast milk nutrition immediately after birth, and did not receive adequate conditions for breastfeeding during their stay in hospitals after childbirth.

Categories
African-American Studies

Vocational Education: Overview and Analysis

In recent decades a wealth of research and critical literature addressing the subject of vocational education has been written. In his book Vocational Education: Purposes, Traditions and Prospects, for example, author Stephen Billet examines the nature of vocational education, and provides both a conceptual framework for understanding what the term means, and how it is manifested both in academic and occupational settings. Billet differentiates between the term “occupation” and “vocation,” and devotes significant discussion to understanding the different forms that vocational education takes in real-world settings. By differentiating between the type of vocational education found in academic settings and that which is found in occupational settings, Billett helps readers better understand how vocational education serves the needs of individuals who are involved in such education and how it serves the larger needs of the societies in which individuals function.

Categories
English

Mrs. Dalloway

 

The story of Mrs. Dalloway was written in 1925 by Virginia Woolf. This novel reflects her life experiences within the words. The novel seems to include a focus on a death complex as well the thoughts on feminism. This novel is one of her most popular novels and based on two significant characters.

This novel is the story of one day in the Life of Clarissa Dalloway. The stories of Clarissa and Septimus are told side by side, though Clarissa is the main focus of the story. As she is preparing for her party that will be hosted that night, Septimus is spending time with his wife before being taken to an asylum due to his insanity. He fears that the doctors will break his soul and commits suicide rather than lose what is left of himself.

Peter, a friend of Carissa’s, hears the ambulance that is retrieving the body of Septimus on his way to the party and wonders about the civilization of London. Sir William Bradshaw, the physician of Septimus and a friend to Clarissa, is late for the party and explains the suicide of Septimus.

Categories
Nursing

Depression in the elderly patient. Annotated Bibliography

Boyle, Vicki L. R. N., B.S.N.; Canopy Roychoudhury, Ph.D.; Renee Beniak, R.N., B.S. L.N.H.A.; Lisa Cohn, M.S.; Albert Bayer, M.D.; & Ira Katz, M.D., Ph.D. (2003) Recognition and Management of Depression in Skilled-Nursing and Long-Term Care Settings Evolving Targets for Quality Improvement.  American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry 12:3, May-June 2004.

Categories
Nursing

Annotated Bibliography: Pain Management in Opioid Dependent Patients

Annotated Bibliography: Pain Management in Opioid Dependent Patients Wintle, D. (2008). Pain management for the opioid-dependent patient. British Journal of  Nursing, 17(1), 47-51. Print.

Categories
English

Blankets by Craig Thompson:Annotated Bibliography

The wonderful book called Blankets which was authored by Craig Thompson is a different kind of story about a Christian boy and his family. Crystallizing desire, despair, joy, redemption, and other fleeting emotions with voluptuous lines and a barrage of cross-hatching, Thompson has produced a triumph for the genre “Williams 128). The boys were subjected to the rigors of Christian bible beliefs, extreme biblical beliefs of the very strict mother. The main character and narrator is Craig along with his little brother. Growing up, Craig and Phil had to share space for most of their adolescent lives. Often the brothers would fight to keep warm in the winter, while they played instead of sleep. The treatment of the boys was harsh which develop their character as Craig and Phil grew from boys to men. Craig learned that his father was not cruel to hurt his children but teaching his sons that living according to the bible will never be easy.  Craig’s Thompson setting was in the cold landscape of Wisconsin winter, where Craig enjoys his life with his brother Phil, while coming of age with his first love Rain“(Fiske 48).   This is a story of love, religion, reflection and enlightenment. As their affair gets complicated, so does the novel, becoming a bittersweet meditation on family, faith, loss and memory” (Poniewozik 2).

Categories
English

Aurora Leigh

Annotated Bibliography

Isaacs, Jason.  “Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Women’s Issues, and Aurora Leigh”.  The Victorian Web. 1992.  Web. 1 April, 2013

Isaacs reveals the feminist political views of the Victorian poet and the revolutionary thoughts that appear in a moralistic and sociological form. The author also concludes that many references are made to gender roles in the contemporary Victorian society. Another important angle Isaacs examines the poem is the difference in the imagery compared to male authors’. He states that Barret Browning uses gynocentric imagery throughout the narrative poem.

Categories
Nursing

Annotated Bibliography-Major Influences on Nursing

Cipriano, P. F., & Murphy, J. (2011). Nursing Informatics. The future of Nursing and health IT: The Quality Elixir. Nursing Economic$, 29(5), 286-282.

In this academic scholarly article, the authors discuss the challenges for nurses adapting to the technology advances in the industry. Nurses are required to become more adept at learning new clinical IT information. Health care technology is evolving because nursing students will need technology base courses to effectively practice their craft. In addition, the upper management will be impacted because they will be required to learn all the clinical technology. The nursing environment is dealing with technology changes in healthcare that is complex in nature. The advent of changing the Electronic Health Records (EHR) model requires nurse to learn a new technology skill that is different in every hospital. The author points out that the problem is how to standardize the best practices that work within each organization. In addition, to the complicated process for 1 patient encounter, the upper management has not been trained in the new technology which causes a bottleneck. The article stresses the future of nurses plays a critical role because they represented the largest group of professionals that use the technologies. It is clear from this article that nurses need to be involved in the initial testing, selection and implementation of these technological applications.

Categories
English

Criminal Behavior Annotated Bibliography

Jones, C.M. Genetic and Environmental Influences on Criminal Behavior. Rochester Institute of Technology. http://www.personalityresearch.org/papers/jones.html.  (Retrieved on February 25, 2013)

This research examines the affects that environment plays in a person’s propensity to criminal behavior. In addition, the idea of criminal behavior tendencies being a product of a person’s genetic make-up is also explored. It is also noted that evidence shows that many individuals who are incarcerated have psychological problems, and this is seen as a stigma in society, as psychological problems may be inherited. The research defines criminal behavior and uses twin, adoption and familial studies to measure it. Research study findings show that neurochemicals are activated in behavioral patterns and with certain tendencies, such as criminal behavior tendencies. According to the research, this is attributed to certain personality traits and disorders. This and influences in a person’s environment can leave them susceptible to developing criminal behavior tendencies. The research concludes that a combination of these factors, including a lack of moral development draw a tendency in an individual toward criminal activity.

Categories
Education

Literacy and Mathematics – Educational Leadership Critical Issues

  1. How will integrating literacy in mathematics assist in raising student achievement for all students?
    Literacy is seen as a very important thing in our lives and without its one finds it hard to be a member of a society since literacy has been integrated into many part of your curriculum. Maths on the other had has also lend itself to reading and writing. Some of the things that maths does include reading aloud, which helps in listening and concentration, story problems which have been part of maths for long involves the combination of both literacy and maths. There is also writing and maths which are inter twin as one must write while doing maths. Free writing and writing of journals are the other things that literacy and maths have done