Categories
Psychology

Psychobiological Roots of Early Attachment

Genetic predisposition of behavior can reveal possible behavioral, physiological, and neural traits based purely on the biobehavioral systems of the body.  However, attachment bonding seems to also provide a significant involvement towards experimental learning and association.  Pertaining to Sullivan’s experiment on the aversive and positive effects of the pups’ reactions to the neutral odor of their own mother, shows an important point-in-case with children in abusive families (Sullivan, Hofer, & Brake, 1986, p. 87).  The classic argument of nature versus nurture also plays a part in the factors of the bond between mother and child. For example, the warmth of the mother as well as her milk plays a huge role in determining the pup’s heart rate and behavior.  If the mother was unhealthy to begin with and didn’t provide the necessary warmth and nutrients in the milk, the offspring is less likely to show an active interaction or hyper-reactivity.  The change and differences in temperature and milk supply also affects the pup’s rapid eye movement sleep cycle which can bring about possible averse affects in the pup’s reactions towards their environment and attachment with their mother (Parent et al., 2005, p. 87).

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Other

Article critique: Fire Prevention

Outline

Summary

Future Impacts

Conclusion

  • How information can be used today
Categories
Legal Issues

Eighth Circuit Renews OSHA’s Authority to Issue Multi-Employer Citations in the Construction Industry

As outlined in this Morgan Lewis Labor and Employment Lawflash, dated March 2, 2009, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit decided in favor of the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission’s original decision related to the case Secretary of Labor v. Summit Contractors, Inc. (No. 03-1622, 4/27/07). This favorable decision apparently renews and expands upon OSHA’s “authority to issue citations to general contractors for violations” of U.S. construction standards which according to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) often includes standards concerning the proper use and application of building adhesives, cement, masonry, roofing materials, thermal insulation, and especially plywood and other types of lumber (Construction Standards, 2013).

Categories
Nursing

“The culture of safety: results of an organization-wide survey in 15 California Hospitals” Article Critique and Discussion

In the research report “The culture of safety: results of an organization-wide survey in 15 California Hospitals,” Singer et al discuss and review the results of a survey conducted at 15 different hospitals that was designed to measure the extent to which a “culture of safety” existed in each facility. According to the report, the nature of the survey covered a more extensive range of personnel than previous studies; respondents included senior management and hospital officials, physicians, nurses, and other employees.  The report indicated that a significant number of facilities demonstrated the need for making improvements in developing a culture of safety in their respective hospitals.

Categories
Psychology

Can We Trust Our Own Memories?

In the article entitled “Memories of Things Unseen,” Elizabeth F. Lotus of the University of California Irvine addresses the subject of false memories, examining how such false memories can be created and implanted in subjects in the research context and how real-world events can alter the encoding and retrieval of memories. Loftus goes on to explore the implications of her research into false memories, noting that such memories can have significant and sometimes terrible consequences for those who are affected by them. In order to demonstrate how false memories can be created, Loftus uses several examples from various research studies that use a number of techniques to implant false memories in subjects. The article concludes with a brief discussion about the nature of memory, and how even genuine memories are never exact, but are, as one researcher describes them, “imaginative reconstruction(s)” of events (Loftus, 2004).

Categories
Technology

IT and Competitive Advantage

The article examining the connection between development of information technology and a firm’s competitiveness is based on an extensive study that was concluded among 73 members of the Turkish Contractor Association. The paper focused on the use of IT on a strategic, and not an operational level. Therefore, while the authors concluded that many business processes, planning and business operations are supported by IT, the focus was not on making the business more effective, and the involvement of management was significantly low.

Categories
Healthcare

Thinking Like A Nurse: A Research-Based Model of Clinical Judgment in Nursing

Introduction

An article by Tanner (2006) addresses the importance of clinical judgment and its impact on nursing practice. The author observed that in an examination of 200 studies, clinical judgment is directed by nurse knowledge, unit culture, patient responses and needs, and individual reasoning (Tanner, 2006). Therefore, models must develop that will capture the essence of this framework and the ability to use clinical judgment effectively under a wide variety of circumstances in nursing practice (Tanner, 2006). The article evaluates the use of clinical judgment and its ability to be effective in the diagnosis and treatment of patients in an effective manner (Tanner, 2006). The examination of studies was conducted primarily using the CINAHL database, along with a review of other articles written since 1998 (Tanner, 2006). Therefore, the article appears to be an evaluation of research between the years of 1998 and 2006 (Tanner, 2006).

Body

The article by Tanner (2006) also considers the nursing process model upon which clinical judgment is achieved through the identification of problems and the development of diagnoses that are based upon effective assessment tools and nursing interventions to improve patient outcomes (Tanner, 2006). However, the article notes this type of model is not always effective in addressing clinical judgment as conveyed by nurses and therefore, leads to possible gaps in decision-making in some situations (Tanner, 2006). The article also considers the overall impact of clinical judgment and its relationship to clinical situations directly involving patients across a variety of settings (Tanner, 2006).

The article defines clinical judgment from a nursing-based perspective and provides further evidence patient assessments and evaluations in promoting sound and reasonable clinical judgment at all times (Tanner, 2006). At the same time, the article also considers the influence of family members on clinical judgment, particularly when there are specific issues and/or distractions which may deter the quality of patient care and treatment in some cases (Tanner, 2006). It is important to identify these weaknesses in clinical judgment and to take steps to facilitate clinical judgment in the desired manner (Tanner, 2006). The article represents the concept of clinical judgment effectively and addresses prior research that explores this topic in greater detail to emphasize the importance of clinical judgment in working through patient care diagnoses and problem-solving measures (Tanner, 2006).

The article also considers individual nursing experiences and their role in shaping sound clinical judgment in many patient care situations (Tanner, 2006). The familiarity of a given situation is likely to influence patients through experience and reason, while also considering textbook knowledge in conjunction with this practice (Tanner, 2006). Nurses also use their inherent beliefs regarding what is good and bad in assessing patients and developing clinical judgment in treating patients (Tanner, 2006). In addition, reasoning plays an important role in making decisions regarding patient care and treatment, accompanied by reflection on prior clinical experiences (Tanner, 2006). Each of these factors are addressed in detail in the article to provide an analytical and subjective approach to clinical judgment in patient care and treatment (Tanner, 2006).

Conclusion

The article by Tanner (2006) provides a number of unique examples of clinical judgment and its impact on patient care and wellbeing. In this context, the article summarizes the different areas upon which clinical judgment is based, thereby creating an environment that supports quality patient care and treatment in many different settings (Tanner, 2006). The article is based upon prior evidence regarding clinical judgment in existing articles, and since many of the same conclusions were drawn across different studies, the information appears to be reliable in nature.

Models reflective of clinical judgment represent a means of expanding learning and providing greater insight regarding this process and its impact on nursing practice through their implementation in direct patient care environments (Tanner, 2006). The ability to achieve sound and reasonable clinical judgment when evaluating and treating patients requires the ability to utilize past experiences, learning, and knowledge to facilitate successful outcomes.

References

Tanner, C.A. (2006). Thinking like a nurse: a research-based model of clinical judgment in                     nursing. Journal of Nursing Education, 45(6), 204-211.

Categories
Education

An Article Critique Assignment

Armatas, C.; Holt, D; Rice, M.(2003). Impacts of an online supported, resource-based learning environment: does one size fit all? Proquest Education Journals. Vol. 24 No. 2. Pg. 141.

Introduction

  1. Who was the author(s) of the study? Identify the institutional affiliation of the author(s). (2pts)

The authors of the article include Christine Armatas who is a faculty member of the Health and Behavioural Sciences in Deakin University in Geelong Australia. The other two authors were notable members of the teaching and learning support unit in the same university in the person of Dale Holt and Mary Rice.

  1. What was the title of the article? Does the title meet APA requirements? Justify your answer. (2pts)

The title “Impacts of an online-supported, resource-based learning environment: Does one size fit all” specifically follows the guidelines for titling in consideration with APA style referencing. It could be analyzed that with the definition of the topic discussed in the paper. It does define clearly the main topic and the supporting ideas that further strengthens the issue being presented.

  1. Analyze the reference and identify the journal name, volume number, issue number, and pages for the article. (2pts)

The journal from which the article has been sourced from is the Proquest Education Journals published in its 24th Volume second magazine release noted on page 141.

Categories
Nursing

Media Thread

Link to Media Story:  http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504763_162-20012475-10391704.html

Summary of Media Story

This brief news story reports that seven hours is the optimal time for adults to sleep to avoid increasing risk of heart disease.  The article also notes that sleeping either shorter than 7 hours or longer than 9 hours on a regular basis resulted in an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).  The authors of the reported study claimed that the increased risk existed even after correcting for factors such as age, sex, race, ethnicity, smoking, and alcohol intake.

According to the report, regularly sleeping less than five hours a day including naps doubled the risk of heart disease , while sleeping more than nine hours a day resulted in 150% of the risk of heart disease as sleeping 7 hours a day. Although the study authors did not claim to be able to explain why they got these results, they did suggest that discussing sleep habits with your doctor was a good idea.

The focus of this article was on a single element of the cited study, the number of hours of sleep that minimized the risk of CVD.  All other aspects of the study were ignored in this article.

Critique of Study as Reported in Media

This story presented limited details about the study under question., including a link to the original study being described (Sabanayagam & Shankar, 2010). They also described the number of participants in the study (>30,000), all healthy at the start of the study, but did not specify the duration of monitoring the participants, nor whether the data were corrected for other existing co-morbidities.

Categories
Other

Product Portfolio Management

Proper project portfolio management is vital for success in today’s growing economy. In the following article, “HP Transforms Product Portfolio Management with Operations Research” by Julia Ward, the author highlights the importance of a proper product portfolio– as well as the ways active product portfolio management that can properly adapt to change– can drastically improve a business’s profits and human relations. PPM is the centralized management within an organization of its processes, methods, and technologies that various project managers use within any given environment.

Categories
Nursing

Pain Assessment in the Cognitively Impaired

Introduction: Many illnesses are accompanied by pain, and the pain can be mild, moderate, or severe.  In fact, pain is an indication that the entire body or some part of the body is not functioning as well as it should in its normal state.  Therefore, it is critical for a patient to communicate to the attending physician or the nurse regarding all aspects of the pain and its source.  However, not all patients are capable of verbalizing or expressing their physiological or psychological sufferings in a written format. These patients may be handicapped by age (infants and toddlers), impaired mental status (dementia, Alzheimer’s Disease, delirium, and head injuries), administration of tranquilizers that render them helpless, or loss of consciousness (state of coma).  As a result, caregivers and nurses must figure out how best they can evaluate the pain and offer adequate treatment for this condition.

Categories
Medicine and Health

Cardiovascular Risks with Azithromycin and Other Antibacterial Drugs. An Article Critique

The emergence of Medicaid program is to make sure that the lower-end earners in the overall status of the economy are still given the chance to be provided with the best healthcare that they need to protect themselves and the integrity of their health. However, because of financial subsidy, there are instances when the ones who present their Medicaid to the hospitals are given a much less expensive choice of medicine so they could afford to buy the said health requirements. Notably though, there are instances when such low-amount medicines also have low-grade effect on the patients if not even ready to offer specific side effects that could harm the patients directly.

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Other

Readers’ Services and the Library Catalog’ by Laurel Tarulli. Article Critique

Abstract

This paper will analyze the article ‘Readers’ Services and the Library Catalog’ by Laurel Tarulli. This article examines the nature of the relationship between readers’ advisory (RA) services in libraries and catalogers. The article states that these two groups should work together more closely to create a more interactive library service. The article argues its case effectively, and makes several interesting and relevant points. There are some stylistic weaknesses though, with its repeated use of questions weakening the flow of its arguments. This paper will argue that the article raises useful ideas, especially with regard to the use of library catalogs as a form of social media, but could have been constructed in a more effective way as far its style is concerned.

Categories
Communications and Media

How Bush Addresses the 9/11 Attack

The way President George Bush handles the condition of the administration he is governing during a very stressing condition specifically points out how he understands the situation that they are actually dealing with. He points out on his speech that somehow, the people that were victimized during the event were ordinary individuals who did not know what was coming their way the moment that they woke up and went out of their doors to go to work or to go to school or just to roam around the city of New York. Some others who were on the flight were probably even looking forward to the possible moments that they would be spending once they reach their destinations. They did not know that this was the last point of travel that they are going to engage in. They did nothing to undergo the victimization that they were involved in.