Categories
Religion

Apologetics for the 21st Century

Introduction

Known as one of the ‘primers on Christian apologetics’, this book by Louis Markos provides a thorough review of the leading views held by prominent Christian apologists, as well as the progress of apologetic arguments over time, leading up to the 21st century. Divided into two sections, it systematically addresses the historical and modern implications of the Gospel of Christ in context of our Christian standpoint in a modern world. A concise book summary of Apologetics for the 21st Century will be outlined herein.

Categories
Business

End of Growth

Introduction

Business is often seen as a ‘for-profit’ marketplace in which those companies that are not financially driven will not last. However, in recent times, the focus has shifted from the bottom line to the triple bottom line, and in particular, the company’s responsibility to its stakeholders and its environment. In this course, the reinforcement of such a viewpoint is reinforced, and the attitudes, values and beliefs concerning this belief, as well as the discussions and assumptions explored, are reviewed herein.

Categories
English

Harada Book Report

“The Harada Method – The Spirit of Self Reliance” was written by Takashi Harada and Norman Bodek in order to teach people how to be effective leaders and managers. It provides helpful information on how to motivate others, gives reasons and methods on how to help others develop and pursue goals, and allows people to determine how they are progressing on their own. This book sets out a very precise way to do this, which includes identifying a goal, determining the reason behind this goal and why success will be advantageous, in addition to determining why past attempts have failed or succeeded. The book specifies that the way to achieve success is to figure out 64 tasks or steps that are needed to achieve an individual goal and that 10 of these tasks should be selected at the beginning of the process. It also recommends that we add 10 new routines to our daily habits, keep a journal to track our progress, and seek a mentor for help and advice.

The main purpose of this book is how to foster the development of an effective and an efficient team based on an individual’s leadership. I believe that while team dynamics and the work ethic of the individual are important factors in running a successful business, good leaders are typically able to build upon the skills that good employees currently have or motivate mediocre employees to perform well. This book provides steps that will allow managers from all walks of life to achieve this. The concept of the book itself is interesting because Norman Bodek was inspired by the low cost of labor in third world countries like China and India, and wanted to find ways to compete with these nations according to the standards of our country. The Harada Method could be used in the lean manufacturing industry in combination with current methods to increase productivity and ensure accuracy. The book emphasized overall improvement in the workplace and especially focuses on the issue of self-reliance; if an employee becomes truly self-reliant, they will be an invaluable asset to their company.

Categories
English

“The Harada Method – the spirit of self reliance” Book Report

Some books are meant to tell a story and some books are meant to inspire others. Books meant to inspire are those that are generally described as “self-help”, but they are those small minorities where those “self-help” books can transform lives and businesses. Self Help books have the intention to motivate, instruct, and inspire those to do better. For this book review, The Harada Method the Spirit of Self-Reliance by Takashi Harada, Norman Bodek, is meant to inspire not only individuals but also inspire corporations, businesses, and entities. Within this book review, an overview will be given on the book with the aid of quotes, and chapter analysis of the purpose of the book that has been endorsed by major corporations such as The Cumberland Group, The Toyota Company, and The Coca-Cola Company.

Norman Bodek created the book when got interns from Utah and Portland State colleges, he then contacted a friend in Japan, Shigheiro Nakamura, to teach his interns about the 38 MAP method, according to Bodek was an instrument that teaches them cost, delivery, set-up improvements, equipment management, automation, first class skills, etc. On one of Nakamura’s last weeks of his Skype lesson, he discussed Takashi Harada and the Harada Method. After listening to him explain the Harada Method, Bodek jumped at the opportunity to contact Harada and meet him. Once flying to Japan, Harada agreed to come back to America with him. They agreed to co-author a new book with him on Harada Method that he wrote over two years. Since then, Bodek has been doing seminars, conferences and teaching the Harada Method to his students at Portland State. During his conferences and seminars he was able to certify a number of executives and managers that were trained in the Harada Method that they were able to bring back to their corporations and trained their employees.

“The Harada Method” provides a systematic step by step guide, which teaches employees to take responsibilities for making their self of importance to their business. The employees will find their own self-reliance that leads them to become more accomplished and reaching higher levels of professional and personal performances. “The Harada Method” is also used as a motivational tool for managers to help their employees bring out the best in them in order to achieve corporate and personal goals. However, “The Harada Method” is not just for employees, Harada also used it in schools.

“By promoting educational efforts and sports programs, I could help them understand the importance of having dreams and clear goals in life. Having dreams and goals helps guide people in the right direction. It helps them build great character and it eventually helps them succeed in their lives.” (Bodek, Harada, 2012)

 

When he taught these students and coaches the “The Harada Method” they were significantly transformed. Within years, they were winning medals, becoming the number one in their sports field, students that were once considered underachievers had received scholarships to colleges, and transformed that school.

According to Bodek self-reliance is the main feature of the method. “Self-reliance is the ability of each person to become so skilled at something that they become artisans in disciplines they choose that serve their future and also the success of their organization.” (Bodek, Harada, 2012) Bodek throughout his book emphasizes the concepts of self-reliance, self-improvement, and making goals to achieve. “The Harada Method” is broken down into chapters, but it focuses on the five forms of the method which include, “33 Questions for Self-Reliance” that measures how self-reliant the person views themselves. Second, was the “Long-Term Goal Form” which is the main factor of the “The Harada Method.” It focuses on an instrument used to organize their purposes and goals, and a self-analysis that is transformed into an action plan. This form is divided into multiple sections that allows people to set their goals at different levels. It helps to keep the individual encouraged, on track, motivated, and the option to find someone to help them coach them along the way to help reach their goals. The third form is the, “Open Window 64 Chart” which is a particular framework that allows the individual to create tasks and routines that will help them accomplish their goals. The fourth form, “Routine Check Sheet” is just for people to create daily checklists that keeps them on track and makes them stronger in their routines. The last form is, “Daily Diary” which is used as a tool for planning that helps people be organized and improve on their productivity skills. The individuals create to-do lists that allows them to write out their tasks and also reflect on how far they have come.

Within the chapters of the books, he provides readers with systematic steps that are first for individuals to become self-reliant in order to become a winner. They then select the goals that they feel they want to succeed in life. These goals help to define their values in purposes within their lives. They are then instructed to analyze their past failures, opportunities, and success that they then are instructed to provide countermeasures that will help with their future goals. The next step is them creating their 64 tasks and actions charts, and they begin with 10 select tasks, pick out their routines, and create new habits. The other chapters provide the last steps which coincide with the five forms explained earlier.

Overall, Bodek gives not only individuals their encouragement that they are beneficial not only in their lives, in the lives of those around them, and invaluable to their company. The book helps to take people to their full capacity, and learn their full capability in and outside the workplace. Unlike other self-help guides, Bodek also encourages leaders to be motivators, coaches, and mentors to their employees in efforts for them to realize their full potential in helping the company be more successful, and working towards individual successes. These methods help companies compete on a local, national, and global level with other companies by teaching to be more lean, productive, and prioritized.

References

Bodek, Norman, Harada, Takashi. (2012). The Harada Method the Spirit of Self-Reliance. PCS Press.

Categories
Education

Book review Supporting boys’ learning: Strategies for teacher practice, pre K- grade 3

Sprung, B., & Froschl, M., & Gropper, N. (2010). Supporting boys’ learning: Strategies for teacher practice, pre-K-grade 3. New York: Teachers College Press.

Educators in early childhood education are responsible for providing opportunities to all students to explore their passion and creative potential and it is indeed a huge responsibility. This is why Sprung, Froschl and Gropper attempt to help educators and readers better understand the needs of the children in the early childhood education system, especially those of boys. Sprung et al. (2010) contend that teachers need to understand the interests and individual differences between children. Teachers, whose students include boys, should develop teaching strategies that build upon the strengths of their students and take into account differences in individual development levels.

Being a practitioner, a teacher educator, and a mother of four boys, this book taught me several useful tips and strategies that are applicable to both professional and private aspects of my life. I have also learnt that not only boys and girls have different interests but there are also differences in the ways both genders receive and process information. Sprung et al. (2010) highlight many studies that demonstrate why there are serious concerns regarding maturity of young boys in terms of social and emotional development as well as academic success. In this review, I summarize the major points in each chapter and also address the recommendations made by the authors to better understand patriarchal society in regard to education. In addition, I offer strategies that may help teachers develop more effective teaching plans.

The book is divided into seven chapters, the first two of which introduce the main ideas discussed in the book. The next four chapters focus upon social and emotion development, literacy, learning through play, and school/family and community partnership. The last chapter offers practical strategies that could be utilized by the teachers to more effectively observe the behavior of their students in classroom settings. Each chapter includes clear heading, examples and anecdotes from the lives of children and teachers and ends by offering conclusions, innovative strategies to achieve chapter goals, and summary of the central points.

In the first two chapters, Sprung et al. (2010) introduce the general idea of the book which is gender differences, boys’ interest and strategies that teachers may develop to meet boys’ need in classroom settings. Active boys are usually most at risk because labels such as “bad boy” or “troublemaker” continue throughout their school career. In addition, research also shows that African American and Latino children often face problems because their teachers have poor understanding of the boys’ physical needs. Relational teaching is the key to deal with children’ academic hurdles as well as to development of social/emotional skills. Teachers need to address sex role stereotyping issues, create learning environments, and capacity to connect with boys.

The next four chapters outline four factors that hurt boys’ academic progress. Authors address the tools teachers can use to support boys’ learning such as social/emotional development, literacy, learning through play, and school, family, and community partnerships. Many boys are discouraged by long curriculum which negatively affects their social/emotional development and also cause low self esteem and confidence. As a result, boys turn away from books and this trend may be severe and long lasting. Play and recess should not be ignored because replacing them with reading and writing means boys do not get adequate physical play. In other words, there is no language development if boys do not have time for spontaneous language expression, physical movement, and cannot develop social relationships.

Furthermore, even educators who focus on playtime often contradict themselves by reducing playing time and creating highly structured lessons. Play experiences enhance vocabulary, literacy, and social/emotional learning and even research studies prove they result in long term benefits. However, the partnership between school and families is a major factor in children’s academic success. Research shows that teachers become more sensitive and understanding of children, and parents become more supporting of children’s learning if both parties cooperate with each other and cement the partnership. Teachers can play an important role by promoting partnership between school and families.

The last chapter in the book offers suggestions to observe children in classroom settings in order to achieve goals mentioned in previous chapters. Running records, sociograms, and checklists are different methods of observing and recording children’s behavior. These observational tools allow teachers to gather information about children to better understand them. This allows teachers to focus their attention on gender differences as well as children’s unique identities. Teachers can help boys succeed in their academic life by tracking individual participation in physical activities,

Sprung et al. (2010) try to alleviate concerns of educators who worry about children’s learning in early years, especially boys. The author finishes the book by calling upon schools to pay more attention to boys’ interest and needs. Authors also suggest strategies to help children understand their individual capacities and gain confidence instead of turning into submissive recipients. This is a great book that will be of much use to all of the stakeholders such as teachers, parents, administrators and government because of the many insights it provides.

What I have learnt by reading this book is that academic struggle doesn’t always point out to a disability. Children may struggle due to too much curriculum, thus, it is the teachers’ job to understand individual differences among students. Even though there has been substantial progress in early childhood and elementary programs, the standards still do not reinforce child development and mental maturity. The educators should focus on the needs of the children and not on their own.

Reference

Sprung, B. & Froschl, M., & Gropper, N. (2010). Supporting boys’ learning: Strategies for teacher practice, pre-K-grade 3. New York: Teachers College Press.

 

 

Categories
English

A Review of ‘The Harada Method’ by Norman Bodek and Takashi Harada

In many respects, books are meant to tell a story, create a fantasy, motivate, inspire, and overall change lives. Millions of individuals flocked to bookstores (online or physical), libraries, and seminars in order to pick up the latest in ‘self-help” books. Self-help books are meant to guide individuals and give them to the tools to make a change in their life. In the case of The Harada Method: The Spirit of Self Reliance, Norman Bodek and Takashi Harada provided a guide that not only transformed the lives of individuals but businesses large and small. Backed with endorsements from major executives and companies such as the Kirin Brewery and Uniqlo Clothing manufacturers, Coca-Cola Company, and several other, this book is an instrument meant to change the way in which individuals operate. The purpose of this book review is to give insightful analysis and information from the book that details why this is not an ordinary self-help guide.

Norman Bodek initially came up with the idea of writing this book through the string of events of gaining interns, to contacting his dear friend, Shigheiro Nakamura in order to teach his interns about the 38 MAP method which consists invaluable skills within the industry. Upon reaching the end of his weekly Skype lesson to the interns, Nakamura discussed “The Harada Method” by Takashi Harada. As Bodek listened intently, he became intrigued and flew to Japan in order to meet the men who started it all. The two formed a variable relationship where Bodek convinced Harada to come back to the states with him and co-write an Americanize version of “The Harada Method” in order to share the gospel with U.S companies and individuals. After two years of creating, they finalized their book and embarked on a literary motivation whirlwind tour where they taught at conferences, seminars, and to his very own students the concepts and principles of “The Harada Method.” Throughout the book Bodek reiterates the importance of self-reliance as it is essential in the process and “The Harada Method.” The principles of self-reliance are as follows: goals, purpose, analysis, action, and routine. These steps help in creating individuals who are self-reliant, goal oriented, developed to their fullest potential. The systematic approach is broken down into easy to implement steps within the work place. The steps are laid out not only for individuals but for managers and executives to use as motivational instruments in leading their staff.

There are essentially five forms within “The Harada Method” that Bodek explains, combined with his own analysis and tools that include steps to long-term goal setting, and making actions plans to reach those goals. The first steps in beginning the process are for the individual to make a list of past failures, in doing, so the individual is able to provide counter solutions to these problems that will help in achieving their future goals. The next steps include the individuals defining goals long-term and short term that are valuable in succeeding in life. The “Long-Term Goal Form” which is the framework of the “The Harada Method.” mainly draws on the individuals needs to be self-sufficient in thinking long-term for their future. Once these have been completed, written down with a thorough self-analysis completed the individual can then proceed to formulate their action plans This form is broken down into multiple parts that permit individuals to set goals at different levels of achievement, importance, and duration. The flexibility for this book to be used within a corporate setting is notable in his inclusion of the importance of a coach that is able to motivate, encourage, and keep their employees on track alongside the form to help reach their goals. These goals are valuable in and outside the workplace.

Bodek proceeds to detail “The Harada Method” tools which are pertinent in the success of the individual. These tools include the “33 Questions for Self-Reliance” that measures the self-reliance from the perspective of the individual. The “Open Window 64 Chart” these actions charts, ask that individuals select 10 tasks, pick out routines, and create new habits that will help them accomplish their goals. The “Routine Check Sheet” allows people to create daily checklists in order to keep them on track and build stronger routine. “Daily Diary” is one of the last forms and is a useful planning tool that keeps people not only organize but expounds on productivity skills that are key in their career and managing their day to day activities. Creating to-do lists help people look back on past accomplishments that help them reflect on how far they’ve come. Along with the guided steps and forms, Bodek also draws on the experiences, stories, and analysis of athletes, scholars, and executives, whom he interviews, on the importance of individuals understanding their invaluableness to themselves and the company. Managers are able to bring out the best in the employees by helping them set goals and achieve them which reflects back on their leadership and their organization. Drawing from sports analogies readers are able to set out goals in order to become champions in life and to those around them.

The tone of the book is positive and provides models for improved motivation and focused goal-setting that works on a basic level, but a somewhat simplistic psychological approach. Overall, the analysis is the human potential of self-reliance and self-improvement can be nurtured through the development of self-analysis and goal setting. This book is an essential tool in creating a work environment of encouragement, productivity, efficiency, and effectiveness for the long-term success of the organization. Bodek and Harada have utilized the “The Harada Method” by including a step-by-step guide in leaving past failures behind and creating ways to prevent future ones. In this context individuals are able to reach their goals at steady and manageable pace where they can set their own deadlines, manage their success, and mirror it in their daily activities.

 

Works Cited

Harada, Takashi; Bodek, Norman. Harada Method: The Spirit of Self Reliance. 2012. Vancouver, WA: PCS Press

 

Categories
American History

Bob Woodward’s “The War Within”

In “The War Within,” journalist and author Bob Woodward looks behind the scenes of the administration of George W. Bush and examines how the members of the administration handled issues related to the Iraq War. From a chronological perspective the book focuses primarily on Bush’s second term; by this time the Iraq War had been underway for several years, and as Bush was running for reelection there was little hope that the war would conclude any time soon. Woodward’s book emphasizes the roles played by those at the top of the administration, noting that the members of the Bush team often disagreed vehemently among themselves about how to manage Iraq. The divisions among the members of the administration were what prompted Woodward’s title “The War Within.” The overarching theme of the book is that the jumbled mess that was the Iraq War in that period was largely a reflection of the jumbled mess within Bush’s administration. Woodward does trace how the Bush team eventually settled on the idea of a “troop surge” as a countermeasure to combat the Iraq insurgency, and agrees to an extent that such am insurgency was useful and by some measures even successful. Despite the relative success of the troop surge, the prevailing message left by “The War Within” is that Iraq began as, and continued to be, a poorly-planned and poorly-managed operation due largely to the disagreements, personality clashes, and unchecked egos of the members of the Bush administration.

One of the most telling moments in the book comes early on, when Woodward describes Bush’s National Security Adviser Stephen J. Hadley’s approach to briefing Bush: Hadley “believed his task was to ascertain Bush’s wishes and then bring the Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, the chief of Intelligence and others into line” (Woodward, p9, 2008). Hadley’s handling of his position as NSA was completely different than the historical antecedents of those who advised earlier presidents; it had historically been the duty of the NSA to present as clear and broad a picture as possible to the President, while Hadley believed that Bush’s advisors should first reach “consensus” (Woodward, p9) before briefing Bush. As Woodward makes clear throughout the book, this approach was difficult and even dangerous for a number of reasons; for one, reaching consensus was virtually impossible among a group with so many countervailing views; for another, it clearly prioritized assuaging the President’s ego over confronting the full reality of the situation.

At the heart of the problems the Bush administration had in dealing with the Iraq War were the strong, forceful, and often unmanageable personalities of Donald Rumsfeld, Condoleeza Rice, Colin Powell, Robert Gates, and the often-conflicting views and advice offered by military leaders such as General David Petraeus and General George Casey. As early as 2004 General Casey had been advising Bush that the U.S. military needed to hand control of Iraq security over to the Iraqi military as quickly as possible; this view was largely shared by Bush’s first Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld. Bush’s first Secretary of State, by contrast, famously believed that by “breaking” Iraq, the U.S. effectively “owned” the troubled nation, and would have to stay for the foreseeable future to secure and stabilize the country and the region (. Condoleeza Rice, who succeeded Powell, was primarily concerned with the political side of things, and was a staunch supporter of establishing a democratic government in Iraq as the only viable path to security there. General Petraeus differed from Gates, believing that a more aggressive military stance would better serve Iraq and the U.S. than would a rapid drawdown.

At the core of the problems associated with Iraq was the lack of agreement and resolution among the military and civilian leadership. When Rice testified before Congress about the Bush administration’s Iraq strategy, which she described as “Clear, Hold, Build,” the military leaders such as General Casey were flabbergasted; they had no idea what this policy was supposed to mean in practical terms and it had no viable connection to the military reality in Iraq. Woodward describes a conversation between Casey and the U.S. Ambassador to Iraq wherein both men discuss the fact that they had never heard of such a strategy before Rice’s public statements to Congress (Woodward, p32). Throughout the book Woodward cites numerous examples of similar circumstances, making it clear that communication among members of the administration and Bush’s military advisers was insufficient and ineffective.

Also at odds were the public statements the President was making about the war in the months leading up to the announcement about a “troop surge” and the private reality of what was happening in Iraq. According to Woodward, Bush was well aware that the war was not working, and that the situation in Iraq was growing untenable. The troop surge strategy that was developed to counter the insurgency in Iraq was, like virtually every other decision made by Bush and his administration, a source of controversy and disagreement. Many of the discussion about the surge were made in secret by the administration without the input of the military leaders; as such, it was a decision that was not entirely supported by the military. General Gates “had been largely a bystander in the process” of planning the surge (Woodward, p325), and he, like many other military leaders, believed it was a bad idea. The Bush team would eventually bring in General David Petraeus to lead the troops in Iraq and oversee the insurgency.

Although Woodward concludes that the surge was a qualified success, his book paints a portrait of the Bush administration and its handling of Iraq that is less than complimentary. At the heart of the problems associated with Iraq is President Bush himself; as Woodward describes it, the majority of the decisions made about Iraq were done so at the whims of the President, leaving the military to do its best to shape real strategy and tactics around those whims. Compounding this problem was the disarray and constant disagreement among Bush’s advisors, each of whom had very different views on how to handle Iraq. This combination of factors and circumstances led to a situation where much of what was done in Iraq was poorly planned, or was carried out to repair problems rather than avoid them. The overall theme of Woodward’s book is that the Bush team bungled the Iraq War from the outset, and that even the few-and-far-between military and political successes were, at best, stopgap measures that simply slowed, but did not stop, the bleeding wound caused by the decision to invade the nation in 2003.

 

Work Cited

Woodward, Bob. The War Within: A Secret White House History 2006-2008. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 2008. Print.

 

Categories
Psychology

Book Review- Divided Minds: Twin Sisters and their Journey through Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders

Introduction

The book about Schizophrenia and other disorders is based on personal account and experiences. The effects of schizophrenia that impacted the life of Pamela, resulted in hospitalization and breakdowns. This experience has led to the research of the psychiatric disorders detailed in the book, and it provides not only a personal account but a better understanding of the symptoms, treatments and diagnosis of different mental health problems for professionals.

Categories
Psychology

A Review of The Expanded Family Life Cycle

Introduction

            The purpose of this paper is to reflect upon Carter and McGoldrick’s (2010) text, The Expanded Family Life Cycle. This text provides an examination of the biological and social underpinnings of the family unit, as well as how this unit has changed over time. A summary is provided for chapters 12 through 17, followed by a personal reflection of overlying themes from the text. This paper concludes with a brief summary and outline of key points.

Categories
Management

Great By Choice, Jim Collins & Morton T. Hansen. New York: HarperCollins Publishers

Key Themes

            Jim Collins and Mort Hansen’s (2010) Great by Choice is the culmination of nine years of research conducted by the authors and their team in order to discover why some companies succeed in unstable and uncertain environments while others fail.  The authors studied companies who beat their industry indexes at least ten times in a fifteen-year period while coping with industry changes and shifts that could not be predicted by leadership. This piece of evidence made Collins and Hansen (2010) conclude that successful companies are those that apply caution and discipline at all levels of their organization. In addition, these companies resist major changes during tumultuous periods while unsuccessful companies try to use change as a fast track to success.

Categories
Business

End of Growth / Prosperity Without Growth – Book Review

ROLE OF BUSINESS IN SOCIETY

Businesses provide society with the prosperity that is needed for “things to go well”, “according to our hopes and expectations”. (Heinberg 1) Economy provides people with jobs and income through businesses. In the times of crisis, businesses should focus on preserving the values provided for the citizens, instead of growth. According to Heinberg, irresponsible businesses were to blame for the rise of commodity prices, which triggered inflation and made the crisis worse. The above statement, among some others quoted by the same author and Jackson will be examined in detail during the book reviews to determine the validity of the different claims related to the responsibility of businesses, government and other economic forces towards modern society.

Categories
Management

Kaikaku: The Power and Magic of Lean by Norman Bodek: A Book Review

Kaikaku, like Kaizen, is a Japanese culture that approaches the condition of management in business organizations. Relatively directed towards the control on production operations, this system of development in business specifically manifests a great impact on how an organizations handles its resources and manages the people towards producing ample items for the market it intends to serve. Dependent on efficiency and effective functioning, this condition of production is often confident due to the application of local innovation pressed along with the radical movement that impresses the kind of operation undergone by the whole organization especially in times of schedule crunch when production procedures are expected to be expanded according to the demands of the market.

Categories
Management

Kaikaku: The Power And Magic Of Lean

The book “Kaikaku: The Power And Magic Of Lean” by Norman Bodek is an innovative, visionary, and groundbreaking piece of literature that changed the way large and small scale management was viewed forever. The legacy the book ultimately has left behind has been far-reaching–from bailing out failing corporations all around the world, as well as assisting to build countless more, the ideas presented by Bodek, after a long career of meeting with and studying the best economic minds in the world, applies the Japanese model of production to the American marketplace.

Categories
Management

Kaikaku Book Report

This book is a history that introduces lean to the United States. Mr. Bodek was the main driving force behind this. From that viewpoint, the book explains a lot about the events that unfolded and how or who performed which role. The book also offers an impressive overview of what Lean (Toyota Production System) and its applications. It also offers an overview of the major players and an approach to their character. The book does not offer a detailed assessment of the system of production. This is because Mr. Bodek offers references to other books published by his company and translated from Japanese. This offers the readers an insight to the works that they select (Bodek 34). The book also covers the main topics of the production system of Toyota and offers numerous implementation stories and examples. Mr.Bodek strongly suggests the application of this style. It also goes into the memoirs of the major players in during the process. It hits on Juran’s and Deming’s effect in Japan. There were also interesting stories of industrial trips to Japan. There were also intriguing business stories like the challenges faced by taking advantage of the publishing opportunities to present the original writing to the new readers.