Supply Chain Management at International Automotive

What do you believe has been the most difficult challenge for Salinas?

Paul Salinas had a lot of training and experience before he began working for International Automotive. He had spent several years in Germany where he went through phases of training on a weekly, monthly, and yearly basis. His training extended from administrative to, technical, business, and operational positions in manufacturing plants and supply chain management. His experience extended to the ability to speak in three languages, English, Spanish, and German. His qualifications along with extensive experience made him the perfect candidate to help to solve the supply chain problem at International Automotive. Salinas’s prime objective was to leading the plant out of the red, where they were monthly losing $1 million at a total of $12 million. The Supply chain was so important that the company defined it as, “the “strategic coordination of business functions within a business organization and throughout its supply chain for the purpose of integrating supply and demand management.”(Stevenson, 2009) Salinas was given plenty of objectives in order to regulate the supply chain management, shipment, packaging, and logistics.

Criminal Justice

Code of ethics

In implementing a code of ethics, the ideally successful communication plan is a platform whereby the shareholders, managers, and employees interact honestly, openly and with regard to internal and external parties. The communication takes place in regular training and procedures that honestly respond to queries from employees. The management should enable a platform whereby the employees make queries on the ethics as regards employee implications.

Agricultural Studies

Mangal Communities in the United Arab Emirates

Mangroves trees are such critical component of the natural ecosystems found in the U.A.E. that a more precise term, mangal, is now used to refer to the complete network of flora and fauna dependent on them. Mangrove is now restricted to individual tree species within the larger mangal environment. The distinction is important because many such species today are non-native to the area, and can in turn attract symbiotic species which are themselves non-native.


Business case study on ALDI

  • What are the core elements of Aldi’s business strategy?

Aldi’s core elements of their business strategy are quality, frugality, and confidentially. This is a successful business strategy because it caters to the consumer base (Cateora, 2009). The consumer is often looking for quality products at low prices. There is always a market for this type of business.

The business also used a strategic plan to allocate resources (Cateora, 2009). Resources were used to the best of the company’s ability at a timely manner. There were not often products sitting in a back room waiting to be sold.

The company took an opportunity where they felt that the markets needs were not being satisfied by other retailers, and outlined a plan to satisfy these needs (Belch, 2009). This happened with their low cost strategy. In this market they were able to compete effectively. Though their products were quality products at a low cost, they still limited the number of available products. The products were of necessity, rather than want. They were able to successfully compete, but not overwhelm the market.

Competition included other retailers, such as Wal-Mart and Lidl. Wal-Mart was a major competitor in the US based on its size and product offering. However Aldi maintained lower priced private label products compared with Wal-Mart. In Germany, where Aldi started, Wal-Mart stumbled when entering market. Wal-Mart was nearly fined for selling below cost as well as zoning regulations hindered the size of their stores. This helped Aldi maintain their market share (Mitchel, 2005).

Lidl basically imitated Aldi in any aspect that it could. This included small stores, lower prices, and staff. Aldi and Lidl practiced extreme confidentiality, which helped Aldi stay successful. This confidentiality kept Lidl from obtaining all of their secrets to success.

Fortunately for Aldi, the store was considered a cultural institution in Germany. It was advertised as the true character of German lifestyle. This made the stare popular in the market. The success of Aldi was also helped by the ageing population and stagnate economy (Mitchel, 2005). Low prices are ideal in this type of market.

Aldi’s operates on a large scale, but offers that small business feeling (Mitchel, 2005). Many consumers prefer this to the corporate giants, which is also a plus for this business strategy.

  • Why has the company been so successful?

There is a vast array of reasons why Aldi’s is successful international. The business strategy is one of the greatest aspects of their success. Maintaining low prices on quality products is a great way to become successful, but can be difficult to maintain. There are many ways in which the company worked hard to maintain this strategy.

The first way is their list of secrets to success (Mitchel, 2005). They decided to keep it simple. It was not important to stock thousands of products in order to make a larger profit. They stuck with necessities. Only the products there were necessary to the consumer.

They also strived to earn their customers trust (Mitchel, 2005). They managed this through low prices, quality products, and a small business feel. All these effects led to the customer feeling comfortable and wanting to shop somewhere that was welcoming.

They set clear goals and followed them (Mitchel, 2005). They did not set unreasonable goals for staff or the company as a whole. They set concise, obtainable goals and worked hard to achieve them.

They worked on constant improvement (Mitchel, 2005). Products were tested six to eight times before sold within the market. Each employee pitched in on daily duties to help the business improve and grow. They set up an atmosphere that promotes teamwork and mutual success.

Know where you stand, but don’t waste time on budgets and figures (Mitchel, 2005). Numbers are always there to bring a business down. If the numbers are not considered overly important, a business can focus on the business. They can maximize customer growth through attention to details and needs.

Test now, perfect later (Mitchel, 2005). This leads for the products to become better over time. If they are tested and meet the quality criteria, they can be sold within the stores. After this happens, the products can continue to improve, giving the consumer more quality then they thought possible from a small retail chain with low prices.

Be fair to your suppliers and help them improve their business (Mitchel, 2005). Sometimes it can be difficult to remember that suppliers are also trying to run a business. If you help the suppliers to understand the importance of offering fair prices and retaining business, the suppliers will be more willing to help you maintain prices to keep your business going (Belch, 2009). Suppliers can work with companies on pricing. Prices are not always set in stone.

Practice management by trust and control (Mitchel, 2005). It is important to set clear goals for management and ensure that they obtain these goals. It is also important to trust the people who run the business. If trust is lacking, that employee should not be there. Trust that your management is doing everything possible to maintain success, but monitor them to know that this is true.

Talk in terms that people can understand (Mitchel, 2005). Any statement should be clear to the people who are receiving it. Ensure understanding so that no breakdown in communication occurs.

No matter how successful you are, stay thrifty and frugal (Mitchel, 2005). Though Aldi’s now has the buying power to increase their product line, build larger stores, and increase staff, they continue to operate small stores. When businesses get carried away with spending money, it hurts their profits. If it is not necessary do not do it.

Aldi’s uses all these secrets to success in the manner mentioned above. The implementation of this list has helped the company to attain success and maintain it. All businesses should take some cues from this business.

The doing without check list in exhibit 2 of the case study has also helped Aldi to be successful. This check list helps leaders to maintain their priorities. If it is on this checklist, it is not important. Focus on what is important, such as consumer needs.

The frugality of the company should also be mentioned again. They limit their product offering, operate small stores with minimal staff, and offer the lowest prices possible (Mitchel, 2005). This is a successful practice. The limited product offering allows customer to purchase needed items. Offering a little more than base items, however, does increase profit to some extent (Cateora, 2009). Operating small stores with minimal staff keeps overhead down. This allows for more profit, when there are fewer expenses. The lowest prices possible bring in more consumers.

There are usually two ways to operate. Offer products at high prices and sell fewer or offer products at low prices and sell in quantity (Belch, 2009). Both ways can be successful, but Aldi’s success is based on selling in quantity and not having items sitting a backroom. When inventory is excessive, that is money that sits on the shelves, when inventory is sold, that money goes into the bank account.

Overall Aldi’s is a very successful retailer. Another way in which they excel is by making customers excited about products that are coming in. The anticipation causes lines to form outside the doors. This happened in Germany with a low priced laptop. The laptop was priced so competitively, that the customers could not wait for it to be available for purchase; causing Aldi’s to become one of the largest sellers of computers in Germany in 2005. (Mitchel, 2005)

This company always delivers which is why it is so successful. Customers are excited to shop there. They are excited about the products. Their business strategy is very successful.

  • The business press criticizes Aldi for its slowing and almost stagnant growth, especially compared to its main competitor Lidl. What is your opinion?

Aldi should not be criticized for the slow growth that has witnessed. This slow growth can be tied to their strategy of success deemed by only the necessities. If they are growing slowly, yet successful, why should this be criticized? According to exhibit 10 within the case study, Aldi was ranked as the 12th top retailer, whereas Schwarz Group or Lidl is ranked 24th. This shows that though Aldi’s growth is slow, they are still more successful in the long run.

Another example of expanding to quickly can be seen with a hardware store called Builders square. This chain decided that they should expand quickly, however it was very costly to do so. The sales did not match the cost of expansion, causing the company to go out of business. Quick expansion can be dangerous. (Belch, 2009)

Just as Aldi’s does not add extra products to their shelves because one of their strategies is necessity only, they also do not want to add extra stores that do not fit into their strategy at this time.

The idea of being frugal is important here. Just because expansion can be viewed as more profitable, does not mean that this extra profit is needed at this time. It is important that Aldi’s stay focused to their business concepts.

A quick expansion could cause the company to lose sight of their original business concepts of quality, frugality, and confidentiality. Quality could be compromised if expansion takes precedence. Frugality could hurt expansion if the retailer lacks the necessary resources and manpower to expand. And confidentiality could suffer as the press tries to gain insight into the quick expansion.

  • What are the key challenges for Aldi’s expansion into other countries?

The key challenges for entering another country can vary for the retailer. They include cultural understanding, an understanding of international business, and an understanding of how their business will enter the market in a new country (Cateora, 2009). The international markets will vary greatly depending on the individual country.

The goal of international business is the same as if operations were solely based at home. The end goal is a profit (Cateora, 2009). An international marketing plan must be implemented to take into account all the variations of business within another market, such as competition, legal restraints, government controls, government controls, and even the weather (Belch, 2009). As the market changes, the business must change also.

Cultural understanding is important. It will be important for Aldi’s to consider what products are necessary in any given country. It is important to understand the economy of the country as well as the values of the people. With this understanding, the business will be better able to determine how to price, promote, and distribute their products. Packaging is another issue that will be involved here. Even product packaging must be appealing to the new customer base.

Aldi’s must have a grasp on international business. How do rules and regulations vary in each country? They can take a cue from Wal-Mart’s original entrance into Germany and how they almost failed (Mitchel, 2005). Competition can be an issue also, major competitors will vary and competitors that expanded sooner may have a larger market share. It is important for the retailer to know as much as possible to avoid failure.

It is also important to have an extensive entry plan (Cateora, 2009). This plan should consider all aspects of the new culture and how the retailer will face any risks or challenges. Advertising should start as soon as entry into the market is established in order to gain a foothold and start to gain some of the market share.

International marketing seems a novel concept at this point in time, however it is still difficult. Without the proper information and tools for entering a new market any business could easily flop.

Aldi’s plan for slow growth and movement should make any move more successful. The company plans carefully, strategically, and frugally. These acts should allow the company clear, concise, successful entry into many new markets.

There is always risk involved when running a business. As long as Aldi’s considers any risks and practices risk avoidance to the best of their ability, the company should continue to be successful. This could determine success in Germany or any other market they wish to conquer.

Works Cited

Belch, .. &. (2009). Advertising and Promotion. New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Cateora, P. G. (2009). International Marketing . New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Mitchel, J. (2005). Aldi: A German Retailing Icon. Barcelona: IESE.


Criminal Justice

Executive officers

Criminal justice

Merger is a combination of two or more companies by exchanging of file and other resources and offering share holders of one company for the purpose of doing business and enhancing security and increasing profits and productivity (LaFasto, 2010). For companies to merger, there are a lot of things that needs to be considered in all the merging companies, they need to be in related businesses, doing the same things or all most the most things, they need to consider the aims and purposes of all the companies and after the companies merge they need to work together, help employees understand that they are now one company that needs developments, revise the way all the employees were working on their individual firm and come up with roles and a policy that will be followed by all the employees, identify ways to make the employees work together, come up with motivation strategies that will encourage the employees to work hard and smart (Larson, 2009).

Criminal Justice

Merging companies’ code of conduct


Merging brings two reputable companies together which had different managerial strategy. The victorious incorporation joins, reinstates, and changes various processes, strategies, and organizational arrangement of the both companies. In a very well organized merging strategy may result to a very distinctly special and unique resourceful operational system than the former one which may be very profitable. Therefore, such integration may require leaders to serious measures in order to make the merging result to great merits for the both companies. The merging of two companies brings together two distinct employees which may bring various managerial challenges due to different cultural differences in managerial system of the former companies. This paper describes how setting up of the code of conduct for the newly formed company can help in ensuring the associated challenges in management system are minimized.


“How Venture Capitalists Evaluate Potential Venture Opportunities” Summary

This article describes a set of interviews with four Silicon Valley financial venture organizations regarding the framework they employ when evaluating potential opportunities. The participating firms include Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield, and Byers (KPCB), Menlo Ventures, Trinity Ventures, and Alta Partners, all of which have made substantial contributions to keystone organizations throughout the industries of technology and science, among others. Each business responded to several questions of a similar nature covering themes such as the assessment of business models, due diligence, financial analysis, decision processes, the role of risk, and the utility of exit routes.


“Honing in on Cash Conversion” Summary

Chapter 28 titled “Honing in on Cash Conversion” was did exactly that–it took direct applications of various business terms, and show a direct equation to figure out how long it will take for a business to become profitable, as well as how much money an individual company takes to finance.


Cultural Differences Case

A1. When we meet people from different cultures and we have little knowledge about them or their culture, we often rely on assumptions and Anita was no different. The first assumption she made was that Germans would have poor English which may cause communication difficulties. After she met her new supervisor Hans Dortmann, she assumed that there are fewer or no women in management at German companies which might be why Mr. Dortmann was uncomfortable. She also assumed that Germans are rude and like confrontation. These assumptions were wrong as the case reveals that business culture at German organizations is relatively more formal than American companies. In addition, power distance is higher at German companies than American companies which may be why Anita didn’t get the response she was expecting and thought that Germans are rude.

Criminal Justice

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Managers



This case study examines the nature of a business merger. The two companies being merged are Uwear and Paledenim. These two companies have very different company cultures. Uwear is a company that is public and has 100 employees. The company has a culture that allows them to do their work, go home, and not consider other employees or future tasks. Paledenim is a private company with 15 employees. Their culture is one of helping team members and always keeping in mind the success of the business. This paper explores various strengths and weaknesses among the managers in execution of their duties (Walton & John, 2004).

Legal Issues

Katz v United States


Katz v United States

#35, 389 U.S. 347 (1967)


Case Facts:

Federal agents believed that Katz was using a payphone to organize and running his gambling ring that spread across state lines. Subsequently, the FBI used a wiretap on the payphone without obtaining a warrant. Katz was arrested based on the evidence found on the tapes obtained from this wiretap.

Procedural History:

Katz was convicted in the US District Court for the “illegal transmission of wagering information from Los Angeles to Boston and Miami” ( Katz appealed to the US District Court of Appeals, claiming his Fourth Amendment right to search and seizure was violated when no warrant was obtained. The opinion of the lower court was affirmed, and Certiorari was granted.

Legal Question:

Does a person’s 4th Amendment right against unreasonable search and seizures extend to a public pay phone?


In a 7-1 decision, the Supreme Court           ruled in favor of Mr. Katz, stating that the warrantless wiretap of the pay phone did indeed violate his 4th Amendment rights. The majority opinion stated “the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places…”.


Though this decision ended up protecting civil liberties, I do not believe the decision was consistent. Earlier cases, specifically citing Brown v. Board of Education, and though another legal provision was inherently in question the decision can be applicable. The decision proved that the Federal government can indeed regulate public institutions by affirming the side of Brown–by this logic, as the payphone was public domain, the FBI should have been allowed to use the testimony.


Works Cited

KATZ v. UNITED STATES. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 26         April 2013. <>.

Legal Issues

The Caylee Anthony Murder Trial

The Caylee Marie Anthony murder trial was one of the hugest trials of the past decade. “On July 15, 2008, Cindy Anthony called 9-1-1 in Orlando to report that her daughter, Casey Anthony, had stolen a car and some money. She called back later to report that her granddaughter, Casey’s daughter, 2-year-old Caylee Marie Anthony was missing and had been missing for more than a month” (Montaldo, 2011). The country erupted and all fingers began to point as Casey, raising the larger question at hand, where on earth was Caylee Marie?

Casey Anthony was tried with her daughter’s murder after the body was uncovered in a duffle bag in a local park. The trial lasted around three years, where the prosecution and the defense fought tooth and nail to either prove Casey’s innocence, or convince the jury that she was indeed guilty beyond any reasonable doubt. Despite heavy evidence against her, including pictures of her partying right after Caylee went missing, Casey Anthony’s own parents being convinced of her guilt, as well as Casey’s poor parenting prior to Caylee’s disappearance, Casey was adamant that she was innocent, and did not know what happened to her daughter.

During the lengthy trial, Anthony was caught lying to prosecutors, and sentenced to a year and jail and $1,000 in fines. Unfortunately, on the conviction of murder, the jury found Casey Anthony as innocent due to lack of evidence. In 2008, Caylee Marie’s body was found in a duffle bag with evidence that she was put to sleep using chloroform. In 2011, a Florida court found Casey Anthony innocent of murder. The country was furious. They all saw Casey Anthony as a murderer, and were in disbelief when the results of the trial were released. In the public’s eyes, the proof was unquestionable, but in the eyes of the jury, Casey Anthony just could not be proven guilty without any question of a doubt.


Montaldo, Charles. “The Caylee Marie Anthony Case.” Crime / Punishment. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

Staff, The CNN Wire. “Jury’s Judgment near in Dramatic Murder Trial of Casey Anthony.” CNN. Cable News Network, 02 July 2011. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.



Critical Thinking Health Maintenance Scenario

What additional approaches could be implemented to improve compliance with the medication regimen?

Diabetes mellitus type-2 is one of the major chronic illness in which self-management plays a significant role in care. Though, self management plays a significant role in the management of this disease compliance problem is common in the management of this disease as in the case of Johnson. To effectively ensure that Johnson complies with his medicines as prescribed by the doctor, the following approaches should be implemented. The first approach is cultivation of patient centered relationship between Johnson and his doctor which will motivate Johnson to routinely keep up with his medication as prescribed.

The second approach is the provision of continuity interim telephone contacts care between the doctor and Johnson. The doctor should ensure that he or she calls Johnson frequently in particular during specific times of the day or night at which Johnson is required to take medicines (Haynes & Taylor, 2009). This will encourages him to take medicines as prescribed without any delays or forgetting. The third approach is organization of patient talks between Johnson and his doctor in which the doctor will provide counseling sessions on the reasons as to why Johnson should take medicines as prescribed and the health benefits of taking medicines as prescribed. In these sessions, the doctor or the care giver should ensure that he or she encourages Johnson to take medicines routinely by talking to him collaboratively about treatment rationales and goals of taking medicines as prescribed (Kurtz, 2008).

Additionally, Johnson should be given a care giver who should ensure that Johnson’s takes his medicines as prescribed and strictly follows the routinely written instructions. Since, Johnson is not married and lives alone he lacks social support to ensure that he takes his medicines frequently and has a will to live; social support reinforcement should be provided through self-monitoring programs.


How could the nurse help Mr. Johnson decrease his “sweet” intake and motivate him to increase his activity?

Criminal Justice

Capstone Case : Miller v. State, 991 P.2d 1183 (Nevada 1996)

What Do You Think?

  1. If Dr. Roitman was correct in his assessment of Miller’s mental state of mind, then this would clearly have met the legal M’Naughten test. These two components:
  2. He could not appreciate the nature of his acts
  3. He could not recognize the difference between right and wrong

are clear representations of the M’Naughten  test which provides legal defense of insanity in the court of law.  The M’Naughten test originated from the case of Daniel M’Naughten in the British courts.  The House of Lords determined that these two criteria were met and justified the defense of insanity when M’Naughten attempted to kill the prime minister.