Doing business in China successfully requires a thorough grounding in Chinese culture, which includes a number of assumptions and ideas about business that are very different from those characteristic of the United States and other Western countries. Where the U.S. and other Western cultures are highly individualist, and emphasize the rights and responsibilities of the individual, Chinese culture is much more collectivist, and favors group harmony and associations. In fact, the only way to do business effectively in China is to have guanxi, connections: relationships with business partners, whom one can depend on for facilitating the enterprise. Only by adapting to Chinese culture and consumer preferences can a Western firm successfully do business in China.
1) List the general costs and benefits of the Three Gorges Dam.
According to figures released by government officials, the Three Gorges Dam cost the government approximately $8.3 billion. However, external experts have estimated that the costs might have been double this amount. The full costs of the Three Gorges Dam have been estimated to have been $32 billion. Even though external experts claim that, the venture may have cost the government approximately $88 billion. Despite the adverse problems brought about by the creation of the Dam, the entire society is currently enjoying benefits such as power generation, utilization of water resources, river transportation, and flood prevention.
Several state security and police officers raided Mr. Wu’s farmhouse. They used all means to access the house; they seized computers, documents and arrested him. Immediately, he was indicted on two blackmail charges. First, Mr. Wu was accused of obtaining knowledge of a contract between the dust control company and the steel company. He issued threats that he would use his alliances in undermining the contract unless the dust control firm gave him money so that he can keep quiet. Secondly, Mr. Wu was charged of extorting money from the Zhoutie communist party by using threats to reveal the problems of pollution. In 2006 March, Mr. Wu received payment from the committee on township party. This was meant to enhance tourism by advocating biased reports on pollution problems. Documents from courts confirmed that Mr. Wu received total of $5,000. In the following weeks, the prosecution revised Mr. Wu’s indictment. The prosecution dropped the communist party blackmail without providing any explanation.
CASE #1: The most pressing environmental problems are related to the pollution that occurs from industrialization. For example, the leading cause of premature death is cancer which has been traced to severe air pollution; China’s rivers, streams, and sources for drinking water have been contaminated from a “staggering expansion of heavy industry and urbanization” (Kahn, 1-2) derived from burning coal; and China’s greenhouse gas emissions have contaminated the air, the water, and the land.