Civil war per se is characterized as the social uprising of the people due to the impending condition that is resulted from a particular situation that has been presented to the people. For instance, the manner by which particular rights of the people are being controlled or at some point are being limited may result to the irritation of the society. This situation would thus confer to a reaction that would cause them to unite and set plans that could provide them the chance to be heard and cause change on how they are being governed upon. In line with the history of the American people, several civil wars have been noted to have occurred through time. This is perhaps the reason why Lincoln was moved to say that if there were any particular elements that could define the American people’s general behavior, one of them would be that of the civil war.
American federalism encompasses a series of political power relationships between the state and federal governments. Serious struggles among executive, legislative, and the judicial arms of government occurred after the civil war when dual federalism emerged. Dual federalism describes a political ideology whereby power is shared between national and state governments under legislated agreements such as a constitution. Therefore, states are given unique executive, legislative and judicial powers (Shelden, 2009).
American civil war was fought during 1861 -1865. The issue igniting this confrontation surrounded slavery conditions associated with its extension beyond the agreed period. United States of America and several of the Southern States were engaged in this furious bloody contention. There was no foreign involvement. However, after four years of fatal battles taking the lives of more than 600,000 soldiers; destruction of many valuable Southern states infrastructure and collapse of the Confederacy; slavery in print was legally abolished in United States of America and the impacts of these encounters still live on in the country’s economic culture (Schecter, 2007).
The American civil war was one of the significant events that occurred in the history of America. Based on different ideologies held by the soldiers, the combat served to shape the different perceptions of events. The motivation to fight is probably the leading cause that shaped the facts of this historical process. These soldiers identified slavery as the root of the Civil War. Just as, by “slavery,” they did not mean some abstract concept or a detached philosophical metaphor for ideas about freedom, but rather the actual enslavement of human beings in the United States based on race (Manning 54). The aspect is emphasized by Chandra Manning, who opines that slavery contributed the most substantial portion in the events of the war (Manning 54). Different elements such as equality, religion, patriotism, the ideal of honour and manhood acted as the main reason why the soldiers fought. The parties involved in the war, including the Confederate and the Union (white and black) soldiers, based their struggles on different ideologies that shaped their struggle for independence. Supported by diverse secondary literature, including diaries and newspapers, Manning postulates how the war was and how it impacted on the lives of many soldiers.