Ethics Education and Theoretical Research Involving College Students


College students should learn that theory is a basic fundamental element of research. The definition of the term theory and what it constitutes is debated by the world’s researchers (Gelso, 2006; Harlow, 2009; Henderikus, 2007).Most researchers and theorists use typologies and classifications systems in describing the types of theories, in the context of purpose, boundaries, functions, and goals (Gay & Weaver, 2011).  Gelso (2006) defined a theory using eight constructs.  These included: Descriptive ability, heuristic value, explanatory power, integration, clarity, testability, parsimony, comprehensiveness, and delimitation.  These eight constructs are based on the fact that theory produces research and research generates and refines theory (Gelso, 2006).  Harlow (2009) suggested that theory lacks a fixed and universal meaning although considering the competing research paradigms, theory might mean a determining law, or a system of laws according to the natural sciences.  He also argued that theory can mean a construct or set of constructs for ordering and enhancing the understanding of phenomena. Therefore, this section will focus on how students can utilize research and theory and how they are related.  First, students should be aware of the following reasons that show the importance of theory in research; these will provide the baseline for this study;

Creative Writing

An Essay on Charles Lipson’s Doing Honest Work in College


As noted by the University of Chicago Press in its official review, some of the most important benefits related to Charles Lipson’s Doing Honest Work in College: How to Prepare Citations, Avoid Plagiarism, and Achieve Real Academic Success includes the fact that this text has become an “integral part of academic integrity and first-year experience programs” for undergrad students in many U.S. colleges and universities. In addition, Lipson has written this text in such a way that all students will be able to understand it and then apply its principles “in all academic situations–from paper writing and independent research to study groups and lab work” (University of Chicago Press).