Categories
Sociology

Assessing Deviant Behavior in the Context of Social Stratification

According to Emile Durkheim, deviance serves a number of functional purposes in society, and is in fact both an important and necessary part of how society functions. In essence, Durkheim asserts that deviance provides a means by which the rest of society can measure its own norms. Deviance serves to affirm cultural values and norms, and helps to define moral boundaries (Macionis, 2012). Responses to deviance also help society bond together in their affirmation of the norms that restrict deviant behavior, while also helping to promote social change as some deviant behavior becomes acceptable through societal evolution (Macionis). Durkheim’s theory takes a largely structural-functional approach to understanding deviance, while other theories examine deviance through different perspectives. This paper will examine the use of marijuana and the ways that society is changing its views on the subject.

Categories
Psychology

Cognitive Psychology and Neuropsychology

Neuropsychology is a relatively new area of research into understanding how the brain and its various structures and components influence human behavior. Neuropsychology has both clinical and experimental applications, as researchers attempt to determine how various structures of the brain and nervous system are interrelated with behavior, and psychologists in clinical settings apply the understanding of brain functions when treating patients. Neuropsychology employs a number of techniques to determine how the structures of the brain influence behavior. Psychological examinations and tests are offered in conjunction with brain scans and other testing that can see how psychology and behavior are linked with brain structures and processes.

Categories
Psychology

A Mini-Course on Long-Term Memory

Overview of the Course

As a staff member who firmly supports the initiative of the Pegasus Publishing Company related to continuing education for company success, this Mini-Course “Long-Term Memory: An Editor’s Best Friend” is composed of the following elements:

Categories
Nursing

Health Disparaties

Introduction

Advances in medical technologies have provided many people with the chance to live longer, healthier lives. Nonetheless, there are many documented disparities between racial and ethnic population causing health equity to remain elusive. Health disparities are differences in health outcomes that are linked to one’s social, economic and or environmental disadvantages. These disadvantages are often caused by social conditions in which one lives, learns, and works, and responds differently from other counterparts. Health care disparities are a societal burden that manifests itself in multiple ways. Lack of insurance negatively affects the quality of health care provided to minority individuals. Minorities are often members of cultural societies that place negative stigmas on certain illness, and for this reason many minorities do not seek help for certain medical issues. For example, mental illness has a very negative connotation among minorities. Mental illness is often labeled as a disease that attacks the weak minded. As a result, many minorities suffer from depression for years and years without proper treatment.  Obesity is another illness that is often overlooked. Many minorities suffer from obesity as a result of cultural cooking. Most minorities have grown up eating certain types of foods that are prepared in unhealthy ways. They continue to eat these types of food their entire lives and as a result they suffer for obesity which can lead to high-blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and strokes. Finally, many minorities lack the understanding and access to scientific knowledge and medical innovations because of cultural barriers. Minorities often have superstitions and home remedies for certain ailments. Often they feel that medical professionals do not know what is best for them. They are often times just very untrusting of medical professionals. As a result, if they do see a medical professional on a regular basis, they may still not take prescribed medicine out of fear that it will do more harm than good. Health care providers must promote a closer collaboration between staff and minorities, coordinate more effective investments in the research of the treatment of minorities, and facilitate public input and feedback from more minorities.

Categories
Nursing

Risk Assessment and Vulnerable Populations

The United States is experiencing the beginning of era where the aged population will expand at a torrential rate. The generation known as “baby boomers” are responsible for the expanding numbers as they enter old age en masse. People who fall in the older age categories face greater health risks than those who are younger. This discrepancy is somewhat self-explanatory as advanced age is commonly known to be associated with frailty. However, advances in medical preventions and treatments have resulted in a consistent increase in life expectancies. The impact of these improvements is most evident in the preservation of both very young and very old members of the population. Accordingly, the aged are functioning at record levels and face significantly lowered morbidity risks compared to the past (King et al., 2013). This improvement extends to the surgical environment as old patients have shown great resilience to distress from surgical procedures when they are elective and excellent care is provided through pre, intra, and post periods of the surgical process. However, the risks increase when the procedure is an emergency, requiring the highest possible level of care during assessment, operation, and recovery.

Categories
Nursing

Riverbend City: Health Assessment Mission

Kimberly, the student nurse, is generally professional in her assessment of the patient named Dhia Her. However, there is a degree of awkwardness to the conversation that is difficult to ignore. However, the evaluation must take into consideration the language barriers and cultural beliefs of the patient because it appears that these are somewhat prohibitive in the assessment process. At the same time, a nurse performing this type of assessment must also consider the development of new ideas and approaches that will encourage greater cultural competence towards patients that have distinguishable language and cultural barriers that make it difficult for nurse assessments to be clear and concise at all times.

Categories
Management

Two ways to improve change management

Change management is the process of transitioning people, places, things, processes, inputs, outputs or an assortment of other variables that impact the business to a new and desired end state.  The change management process follows the process of creating a change, requesting change, approval of the change, communication of the change, implementation of the change and sustainment of the change.

Categories
Management

The categories of performance measurement

Performance measurement provides the ability for individuals or groups holding the responsibility to leading projects or managing teams to understand how the efforts are working in regard to key metrics and milestones.  The ability to understand the performance of actions, teams, business units or other entities delivering upon requirements is critical in providing the information needed to make informed business decisions.  There are basically two different types of performance measurements.  There are result orientated performance metrics and input focused metrics.  The result or output performance based measurement focuses on the outcome of the specific activity or accumulation of multiple efforts.  Outcomes of these efforts include financial performance, increased market share, launch of a new product, acceptance of an idea or product or developing a competitive advantage.  Activities for the result orientated performance measurements include calculating profit margins, unit productivity, sales or cost reductions.  These are key metrics that are measured after activities are accomplished and measure the results.

Categories
Management

Vendor Management

Abstract

Vendor management is the process of managing the relationship between suppliers of a good or service to fulfill a mutually beneficial existence.  The better the relationship is managed the more opportunity there is for successful interactions between the supplier of the good or service and the recipient.  There are multiple scenarios where a relationship can influence the decision making process.  The relationship that is built between the vendor and the customer could provide greater insight into the ability to meet the customer’s expectations and requirements for a particular project or need.  Vendor selection and negotiations are complicated processes and there are tools and techniques that are utilized to simplify the processes.  Negotiation skills are necessary to develop business opportunities and these skills can be honed over time through training and usage.  The improvement of these skills and the appropriate vendor selection for key projects of the organization can lead to multiple opportunities for the organization to grow and become prosperous in the future.

Categories
Management

Case study on Wal-Mart

Introduction

As one of the leading retailers in the Unites States, the Wal-Mart Corporation has dedicated itself to ‘saving people money in order to improve their lifestyle’, as the company’s mission suggests. However, with many competing stakeholder interests, and pressure to keep prices low, many company policies have come under criticism, and have faced many changes. Whether these policies are assisting in keeping Wal-Mart’s mission intact, or whether the company needs to follow a different company policy, is discussed herein.

Categories
Sociology

Conflict Theory and Research

Introduction

The theory of conflict has deep origins in the perspective of sociology, especially in regards to power differentials in the levels of society, known as class conflict. Through history, this power struggle has been evident in major events through clashes of competing social interests, and has often taken many forms. The method by which this particular topic can be researched, and its implications, are discussed herein.

Categories
Sociology

Work of Art Unit 1 Assignment

Intruduction

Sociology is a diverse subject, with many views on the way that society is defined according to its origins and development. Scientific, interpretative and critical sociology are three of the most recognized approaches to sociology, and along with its implications for society at large, as well as research into the scientific method in the future, are all discussed herein.

Categories
Nursing

Communication Technologies in Interdisciplinary Teams

Introduction

Interdisciplinary teams in the nursing environment require an effective understanding of the opportunities available to enhance communication using various technologies. Primary care models and objectives must incorporate technology-based approaches to improve communication and expand outcomes for patients and for nursing practice as a whole. In addition, elements concerning privacy and telemedicine must also be addressed as a means of improving strategies that emphasize communication in the electronic era. It is necessary to identify these objectives and to accomplish new directives that will facilitate positive patient outcomes. The following discussion will address these directives and examine some of the issues related to communication and technology in interdisciplinary teams in the electronic era of nursing practice.

Categories
Management

Water Pool Equipments Bid 

Statement of work

The work under this contract is the construction of water pool equipments for the federal government. The work is therefore limited to the construction of the water pool equipment in Mississippi. The federal government is undertaking this project for the purpose of supplying adequate pool water equipments for the federal workers in Mississippi. The work will entail digging of water pool as per the standard requirements stated by the water and hydrological authorities for government pool equipment.

The project shall be undertaken within a given period of time preferably 2 years to deliver a perfect job. The project is deemed to start at the beginning of the government financial year so as to ensure adequate funds. The selected supplier should be able to deliver the project within the two year period (Holtz, 2009).