Kimberly, the student nurse, is generally professional in her assessment of the patient named Dhia Her. However, there is a degree of awkwardness to the conversation that is difficult to ignore. However, the evaluation must take into consideration the language barriers and cultural beliefs of the patient because it appears that these are somewhat prohibitive in the assessment process. At the same time, a nurse performing this type of assessment must also consider the development of new ideas and approaches that will encourage greater cultural competence towards patients that have distinguishable language and cultural barriers that make it difficult for nurse assessments to be clear and concise at all times.
As cigarette smoking increasingly becomes legislated and criminalized, it seems to me the nation is moving in a wholly inappropriate direction. If there was a single lesson to be learned by the great failure of Prohibition in the early 20th century, it is that morality, or choices people make regarding substances, may not be successfully legislated. The billions spent annually in the “drug war” equally attest to this reality. It is one thing for a society to generally disapprove of kinds of conduct in which people use control substances. A culture will inevitably come to conclusions regarding the rightness of such behavior, and this is a natural process. At the same time, the imposition of these views carrying into the law and actually penalizing others is both unconscionable and unreasonable. The former is supported by the fact that criminalizing such conduct violates the rights of the individual, who has the freedom to pursue a course potentially dangerous to their health; the lack of reason is in play because, as history has repeatedly shown, such criminalization merely enables black markets and generates other kinds of crime, and usually of more severe natures.
Identify and discuss key techniques and activities that should be included in health assessments, considering how individual health assessments differ from community ones.
Studies conducted by Peter Tugwell (2006) and colleagues related to ‘Reduction of inequalities in health: assessing evidence-based tools’ identified five assessment tools which were valuable and should be included in health assessments, considering how individual health assessments differ from community ones. They include development of a database with systematic reviews showing influences pertaining to educational, legal, social, and health interventions. These strategies must be aimed at reducing unfair distribution of healthcare services and breaking accessibility barriers by adapting the Cochrane and Campbell Collaborations model of assessment (Tugwell, et.al, 2006).
Teenagers who consume alcoholic beverages on a regular basis place themselves in grave danger for many reasons. When they make the decision to get behind the wheel of a car, they place themselves and others in their path in grave danger. There is also a serious risk of addiction for many teens who consume these beverages consistently. In addition, this behavior may be a negative influence on the teenager and his or her family, health, and social surroundings. Therefore, the impact of teenage drinking on this population group must be addressed in greater detail in order to identify the specific areas where teenagers may experience negative consequences as a result of this continued behavior. The following discussion will consider how teenage drinking as a social problem with severe and debilitating consequences for this population group and the surrounding environment.
One of the biggest factors impacting the population of this national is health; and due to the rapid changes in technology and science, various medical health breakthroughs have been discovered in the past few decades. Increased facilities and services have become more convenient and more available than ever before. But how are people adapting to the new forms of medicine and health care, and are we all the better for it?
The healthcare industry is the United States is evenly divided between the public and the private health sectors. In the year 2007, healthcare expenditures in the country totaled $ 2.2 trillion, which is equivalent to 16 percent of the gross domestic product. Of this amount, $ 1 trillion was spent in the public sector, while the remaining amount went into the private sector. In both the sectors, there an increasing need for changing due to rising costs of healthcare (Smith 254). The main source of revenue for public healthcare programs comes from tax, while those with private health insurance are funded through their employers, with contributions from both the employer and the employee. Those who are not employed buy health insurance from the private market. Other groups that provide funding for health insurance include churches and non-governmental organizations (Rushefsky 36).
Community Health Assessment
This document contains a description of the town of Randolph, Massachusetts. A Community Health Assessment which embraces vital aspects of its physical, psychological and social Integrity was conducted. Also, a community diagnosis of a dysfunction/function issue within the community as well as a comprehensive analysis out lining a plan of action for resolving these issues was undertaken..
The field of public health nursing is one that focuses on health needs of the whole community. Public health nurses practice as generalists and provide care in the home, school, workplace and various community settings. A number of people and events have shaped the profession of public health nursing. In 1918 Lillian Wald, a nurse from New York City, promoted the beginnings of public health nursing. Loretta Ford co-developed the first nurse practitioner program in 1965. (Jones and Bartlett Learning, LLC, 2012) Florence Nightingale, considered the “mother” of modern nursing, stressed the importance of data collection in nursing, something that is paramount to the public health context. Nightingale’s work also led to the introduction of nursing research and evidence-based practice. The industrial revolution was a period of advancement for public health nursing, in that Nightingale and citizens like her attempted to address poor health conditions in the home by reaching out to inform families in home and community settings. Nightingale’s “Notes on Nursing” (1992) was written for non-nurses who had the role of caring for family members and specifically addressed points Nightingale believed would improve the health of the home. She advanced the idea that prevention was more cost effective than treating illness, a concept the health profession has embraced. (Jones and Bartlett Learning, LLC, 2012)
In this document two articles will be referenced and essential elements pertaining to the biases they contain discussed fully. Biases are considered systemic deviations from a standard of rationality or good judgment’ ( Baron, 2007). There are a number of biases categorized as social; decision-making, belief and behavioral and memory errors. Theoretically, biases are cognitive confrontational adaptations (Baron, 2007).
Article 1:- Why smart people are stupid
Bias Identified: — Decision making, belief and behavioral bias (Neglect for probability)
This is a complex question; however, the answer seems to be yes for two reasons. First, although physical diseases usually have well-established biomarkers (e.g., a low white blood cell count), mental disease usually is diagnosed via observed (abnormal) behavior. Thus, unless certain types of behavior are universally considered “abnormal” across different cultures (likely a stretch in logic), there is likely variation in what is considered to be mental illness in different countries. For example, western nations (including the US and UK) have a relatively low threshold for mental illness, even including grieving (and prolonged grieving) as potential signs of declining mental health. There is also a clear prescription for these mental maladies: pharmaceuticals, and for those who can afford it, some type of psychological counseling.
My desire to pursue a Master of Public Health degree has evolved over a number of years as I have recognized the critical nature of evaluating, assessing, and diagnosing disease and expanding wellness programs for individuals and families. The public health sector encompasses many areas and supports optimal health and wellbeing for all persons. Each area of public health is relevant to society because there are significant challenges in all communities which require these services. Public health represents an opportunity to diagnose and evaluate different types of diseases so that their impact on health is minimized. In addition, public health supports the ongoing development of wellness and preventative measures for individuals and families to promote optimal wellbeing. These objectives are critical to the success of healthcare practice in the 21st Century.
Health issues in anthropology are usually assessed based on economics, demographic and ethnical variables. From the epidemiological approach through the interpretivist and critical medical anthropology; all definitions focus on the common issues and differences based on the economy, demographic qualities and ethnic origins. Developing medicines and treatments for physical conditions is based on an approach consisting of policies, genetic and social studies. However, when assessing mental health, the importance of demographic patterns increases.