Baseline Characteristics of European and Non-European


The article discusses the impact of Adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Europe. In this article, the authors analyze the diagnosis of ADHD in adults, focusing on characteristics of this disease in Non-European  and Europeans adults. The primary focus is the baseline characteristics of European and non-European adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), while participating in a placebo-controlled, randomized treatment study.  This study found that there is no significant difference between European or Non-European with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and they have similar characteristics and demographics. The study changes the perception about (ADHD), which most people are afraid of what they do not understand.  The study presented the common perception that a hyperactive child in the mall or a disruptive child in school is associated with ADHD. However, the study concluded ADHD is just as prevalent in adults.  The study indicated that in the European and Non-European adults spend most of the adulthood impaired because they have gone underdiagnosed in many European countries.  However, the primary contribution is the similarities in characteristics between the ADHD adults both European and Non-European. The article explained that European adults that are left untreated for ADHD often are perceived as troublemakers unable to cope with society or lazy. However, the article raised the awareness level that ADHD is a disease that impairs the individual’s neurological system. In many the European countries, professionals working in the adult mental health field may not know that ADHD frequently persists well into adulthood. The article discusses the impairments of ADHD adults that are misunderstood by the European public. The article indicated that adults with ADHD in Europe often go untreated for ADHD, causing the adult to experience lower educational and occupational achievements. The European adults will also have problems in their daily relationships with families and close friends.


Employees suspecting fraud and customer misleading.

The case study is based on the ethics and responsibilities of employees suspecting fraud and customer misleading. The story of Cynthia Cooper shows the considerations, motivations and concerns behind her decision regarding the financial discrepancies at WorldCom. She is a committed employee who loves her job. By taking part in the whistle-blowing she would have risked the reputation of the company, her own and her colleagues’ job as well.


Theoretical Foundations of Organizations and Organization Change

The paper reviewed details two different theories related to organization change: open-system theory and a theoretical synthesis. It uses theories from sociology and political sciences, trying to apply them on organizational change and its challenges, practices and frameworks.


Organization Change: Theory and Practice

Chapter one of Burke’s “Organization Change: Theory and Practice”, sources for understanding organizational change are covered, including . In chapter two of Burke’s “Organization Change: Theory and Practice”, the author covers how organizations should rethink change within their own environment. The first two chapters both deal with the concept of change within an organization, combined with how to deal with such changes and how they may occur in any given company or organization.

Social Issues

Review of Social Conditions in Men for Sale

The Film

In 2008, French/Canadian filmmaker Rodrigue Jean filmed and released Men for Sale, a documentary centered on the lives of 11 male prostitutes in Montreal.  There is no plot or storyline to the film; rather, a mostly unseen and unheard presence elicits stories and experiences from the subjects.  These alternate both in intensity and content during the documentary, as everything is presented here to only convey the reality of the life as a male prostitute as these men live it.  Most of the interview segments are filmed in a neutral setting, the filmmaker’s own apartment, which acts as a safe haven for them.  The men are also largely anonymous, and only one name is actually offered.

Medicine and Health

Cardiovascular Risks with Azithromycin and Other Antibacterial Drugs. An Article Critique

The emergence of Medicaid program is to make sure that the lower-end earners in the overall status of the economy are still given the chance to be provided with the best healthcare that they need to protect themselves and the integrity of their health. However, because of financial subsidy, there are instances when the ones who present their Medicaid to the hospitals are given a much less expensive choice of medicine so they could afford to buy the said health requirements. Notably though, there are instances when such low-amount medicines also have low-grade effect on the patients if not even ready to offer specific side effects that could harm the patients directly.


The Master Cleanse

The Master Cleanse diet is a fad diet that started in the 1940s and is a liquid based diet that has been scientifically proven to shed weight fast and detox the body of impurities (Olaski, 2008). Invented by Stanley Burroughs, this detox diet is based around a lemonade drink mixed with maple syrup, lemon juice, and cayenne pepper (Ferland, 2010). The idea of the Master Cleanse is for the dieter to drink the concoction whenever he or she is hungry- the combination of the ingredients are said to help speed up the metabolism, increase energy, decrease hunger and detox the body of impurities.

Family and Consumer Science

“This Boy’s Life”: Review and Analysis

The film “This Boy’s Life” recounts the biographical story of author Tobias Wolff, who wrote the book on which the movie was based. The book, like the film, offers a look at several years in the life of Wolff during his teenage years. Wolff’s mother, who seemed to bounce from one abusive relationship to another, is portrayed in the film as a victim, but also as a woman who demonstrates a fair amount of independence and self-reliance, both traits that were somewhat unusual in the average woman in the 1950s. Wolff’s story has a happy ending, and his portrayal of the manner in which he and his mother eventually overcame the abuse heaped upon them by Wolff’s stepfather is certainly heartwarming in the classic sense of a Hollywood film (Russell, 2009). The performances in “This Boy’s Life” by Leonardo DiCaprio as young Toby, Ellen Barkin as Toby’s mother, and Robert DeNiro as the abusive stepfather are all solid and believable, and the film does a competent job of demonstrating how “normal” child abuse can sometimes seem.  At the same time, however, the film falls a bit short in portraying just how damaging child abuse can be for its victims over the course of a lifetime. Tobias Wolff may have really surmounted the challenges of his childhood in the manner shown in the film, but the reality for many victims of child abuse is that the damage can last a lifetime, leading to serious and significant problems for adult survivors.


Review of Business Leadership: A Jossey-Bass Reader

Leadership can be difficult to define. Some people lump leadership and management together, but the two are very separate entities. Leadership is not management and management is not leadership. In Business Leadership: A Jossey-Bass Reader, Gallos writes:

“Leadership is different from management, but not for the reasons most people think… It has nothing to do with having “charisma” or other exotic personality traits… Nor is leadership necessarily better than management or a replacement for it. Rather, leadership and management are two distinctive and complementary systems of action. Each has its own function and characteristic activities. Both are necessary for success in an increasingly complex and volatile business environment.” (Gallos, 2008, chapter 1)