Ethics Education and Theoretical Research Involving College Students


College students should learn that theory is a basic fundamental element of research. The definition of the term theory and what it constitutes is debated by the world’s researchers (Gelso, 2006; Harlow, 2009; Henderikus, 2007).Most researchers and theorists use typologies and classifications systems in describing the types of theories, in the context of purpose, boundaries, functions, and goals (Gay & Weaver, 2011).  Gelso (2006) defined a theory using eight constructs.  These included: Descriptive ability, heuristic value, explanatory power, integration, clarity, testability, parsimony, comprehensiveness, and delimitation.  These eight constructs are based on the fact that theory produces research and research generates and refines theory (Gelso, 2006).  Harlow (2009) suggested that theory lacks a fixed and universal meaning although considering the competing research paradigms, theory might mean a determining law, or a system of laws according to the natural sciences.  He also argued that theory can mean a construct or set of constructs for ordering and enhancing the understanding of phenomena. Therefore, this section will focus on how students can utilize research and theory and how they are related.  First, students should be aware of the following reasons that show the importance of theory in research; these will provide the baseline for this study;


Information Security awareness of high school students using social networks: a case study in Denton High School

Fieldnote 1

It was approximately 11AM on a Wednesday, and the hallways of Denton High School were relatively quiet, as class was currently in session. I was meeting with my first interviewee, a 9th grade African American student, in one corner of the cafeteria. The cafeteria was large and sounded hollow when it was not filled with students, but it was the best place to meet at the time scheduled. The cafeteria walls were filled with colorful signs of various sizes for the upcoming Homecoming dance and Homecoming court, posters advertising student council elections, and photos of alumni through the years. The school reminded me of my own high school in many ways. While I waited for the student, I spotted an authoritative male walk by, who was likely the principal. I looked out the window and the sun was gloriously shining.


Drinking as coping mechanism in university students

Smoking and drinking among college students:”It’s a package deal.” By Nichter, M., Nichter, M., Carkoglu, A., & Lloyd-Richardson, E. (2009), in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

College life often comes with vices such as substance abuse on college students. Substances in the context of this article can include not only drugs, but cigarettes and alcohol as well. The authors of this article focus on specific interests associated with this trend.