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History

How the American federalism has evolved overtime and how the balance of power has changed from the founding to how it is today

The United States was founded for the sole reason of the people being free of Kingman or rulers that took away their rights and liberties. As a solid democracy began to formed, many aristocrats that spoke for the elite and others that spoke for the common man were entangled in a weaponless war where the fight for the balance of power between a central (national) government, and their governments of the states. The balance of power is more than the weighing of interests, it is the balance of the state governments and the federal government that both have vested interests in the formation and direction of the United States. The struggle of power between the two entities has clearly lasted from the founding until the present day being argued in the Supreme Court. The result was the formation of the Constitution that represents the federal powers and the Bill of Rights that expresses individual rights. The Bill of Rights sought to protect the individual against abuses of the power of government, even if the government had the support of the majority.” (Volkomer 9)  This essay will provide a look at how powers of the federal and state governments are balanced under the Constitution, and how the American federalism has evolved overtime to describe how the balance of power has changed from the founding to how it is today.

Categories
History

The Development of Cities in the U.S. During the Early 19th Century

In the early 1800s, the United States saw a period of great growth due to the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was a move towards a new manufacturing process in America and increased the average income of the citizens and as well as the population of the country as a whole. After the War of 1812, America gained a newfound sense of nationalism, and cities began to prosper based on the products and services the city could produce.

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Political Science

Tuberculosis Control Laws and Policies in the United States

INTRODUCTION

As Tuberculosis (TB) kills more than 1.8 million people worldwide each year (Lantos-Hyde 3). This, combined with the high rate of US immigration from high burden countries there is a need for policies to control the spread of the disease. Funding for prevention and treatment has been increased, however, there are different opinions about the effectiveness of the government’s approach. The below policy analysis is designed to provide an overview of the US laws, policies and guidelines and their potential benefits.

Categories
American History

U.S. Political System Strength and Weakness

The greatest strength of the U.S. political system is the separation of church and state. I am still amazed at the wisdom of the founding fathers of the U.S. who understood that true freedom and rights for every citizen, especially those from minority groups, could only be ensured if the state endorses no particular religion. This may be the reason why U.S. particularly attracts talent from all around the world because religious prejudice is at quite lower levels as compared to many other developed and developing nations. European Jews particularly came to the U.S. during and after holocaust because they knew they will not face religious persecution here and if U.S. was like most other countries, we would never have Einstein, Andy Grove, and many others. In addition, this has also helped minimize ethnic and religious conflict in the country.

Categories
Management

United States Procurement Contract Terms

The executive agencies within the U.S. government spend hundreds of billions of dollars each year to purchase an incredible range of products, services and other goods from foreign countries.  The government’s ability to acquire said goods requires the governance of laws and regulations intended to promote fair and open trade before a contract is signed. The laws are also intended to ensure that all the products sold comply with the United States government’s specific requirements.  Unfortunately, many of the laws set up by the U.S. federal government regarding procurement contracts are complicated because they also seek to promote various societal, economic and international trade goals- these terms can become misinterpreted overseas.

Categories
Sociology

Perspective Paper: Conversation, Readings of Race and Ethnic Relations In The United States

Race Relations in the United States

For a country that was supposedly founded on principles of freedom and equality for all, the United States has a very long, complicated, and very often dirty past when it comes to the social, political, and economic factors on race relations. For a country that considers itself forward thinking, progressive, and equal, the United States has shown very conflicting views and policies dealing with issues of race relations overall–not even limited to any particular minority. The United States, as a country founded on people attempting to escape oppression, seems to actually revert back to ethnocentrism when confronted with the new and unfamiliar, perhaps as a defense tactic against the oppression the “melting pot” of immigration has felt since before this country was considered its own country at all.

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Economics

The healthcare industry is the United States

The healthcare industry is the United States is evenly divided between the public and the private health sectors. In the year 2007, healthcare expenditures in the country totaled $ 2.2 trillion, which is equivalent to 16 percent of the gross domestic product. Of this amount, $ 1 trillion was spent in the public sector, while the remaining amount went into the private sector. In both the sectors, there an increasing need for changing due to rising costs of healthcare (Smith 254). The main source of revenue for public healthcare programs comes from tax, while those with private health insurance are funded through their employers, with contributions from both the employer and the employee. Those who are not employed buy health insurance from the private market. Other groups that provide funding for health insurance include churches and non-governmental organizations (Rushefsky 36).

Categories
English

Diversity in the U.S

Multicultural diversity could be defined as the presence of several cultures in a particular geographical area each of whom is able to maintain its unique cultural identity and features. Cultural assimilation could be defined as losing certain characteristics of one’s own culture and replacing them with cultural characteristics of another group (Farlex). Globalization has been increasing cultural interaction among people from all over the world and there is no dearth of self-help books or internet articles that provide guidance to Americans regarding accepted behaviors and norms in other countries. The common idea behind these books and articles is often that one should blend in with the locals as much as possible which might have given birth to the saying “When in Rome, do as the Romans do”. As far as America is concerned, it is often called the land of immigrants. While America should celebrate its multicultural diversity, it doesn’t mean that the country should not be more of a melting pot with people assimilating into American culture. One cannot escape the messages in print and electronic media regarding the benefits of cultural diversity but being a melting pot will result in greater benefits to the society. The positive thing about American culture is that it evolves at relatively faster pace than monotonous cultures because it is continuously being influenced by all of the different nationalities residing in the country. Thus, even if the country becomes a melting pot, different ethnic groups will still be able to practice their individuality. Being a melting pot will increase interaction among people from different cultural backgrounds and result in numerous economic and social benefits to the society.

Categories
Criminal Justice

United States Crime Data Sources

Criminology is defined as, the study of the processes of making laws, breaking laws, and reacting towards the breaking of laws. The purpose of gathering crime statistics helps the local, state, and federal agencies to see the different frequencies in crime, with the aids of tables, graphs, and formulated data. Within a civilized state, the government remains accountable for protecting its citizens and providing a means of controlling the levels of crime throughout its region. Two systems that are used in measuring crime in the United States are the Uniform Crime Report (UCR) and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The importance of using these crime measurements is to aptly calculate in areas where crimes is increasing or declining. It is an effective measure of crime deterrent in addition to, police force that makes a difference in areas where crime is exponentially high. Within this essay, it will provide an analytical comparison of the two crime measurements UCR and NIBRS, with the aid of the research, journal publication, and government agency resources. The primary focus is to discuss and analyze each crime measurement system’s methodological procedures and implications.

Categories
Criminal Justice

Domestic Terror in the Untied States

INTRODUCTION

Most of the public’s perception of domestic terror is provided by the media. This usually is externally focused i.e. terrorist coming from cells abroad trying to create domestic acts of terror in the USA.  Historically, this has really been more about who is an America, defining the rights of same and subsequent disenchantment with how democracy is interpreted towards the people. The Ku Klux Klan were an example of an early terrorist group that tried to enforce white supremacy in the Southern States of America. More recently in 2012 Wade Page opened fire on a Sikh congregation in Oak Creek, Wisconsin. His lengthy association with white supremacy groups was believed to be his prime motivation for this attack.

Categories
Computer Science

U.S. Telecommunication Policy

1      Executive Summary

This paper provides a generic overview of current and ethical and legal issues surrounding the topic i.e. Telecommunication policy. One of the ethical and legal issues is personal data privacy that flows on the nationwide telecommunication infrastructure. The first section provides the issue, the second section demonstrates a survey of these issues, and the last section provides the improvements made.

Categories
Political Science

U.S. Imperialism and Islam

The tragedy of 9/11 made many Americans wonder why political Islam hated America. Many among us reached the conclusion, primarily due to media’s influence as well as claims by opportunistic politicians, that political Islam hated the freedom enjoyed by Americans as well as their economic achievements and was determined to destroy the country out of jealousy. As is often the case with opinions based on emotional reasoning, this conclusion was faulty. While it may be true that many of the rights taken for granted by Americans are in conflict with the moral and ethical worldview proposed by the political Islam, the conflict is more the outcome of America’s imperialistic ambitions since the 20th century rather than the cultural differences between the East and the West.

Categories
English

In support of the Barbara Graham’s point on failure in marriage in the US

Analytically, Graham’s passage gives more information on the marriage phenomenon. However, his arguments are based upon different myths and stories for instance; the beauty and beast, Prince Charming and Cinderella, Ginger, and Fred just to mention but a few. Here, this essay will react on the Grahams views on the fall of marriage in the US positively.

According to Barbara Graham, while most people keep looking for a sizzling romantic love with “the one, “Freud and his followers believe that to be the pointless goal of hopeless love-aholics. If that true love is found, our culture insists on its being legalized by marriage, something that did not arise prior to the 20th century when love and lust were only a very negligible part of it. Marriage existed for economic and social needs of several institutions.