Categories
Religion

Buddhism Begins and Ends with Buddha Enlighten Experience

Buddhism is one of the world’s most exceptional religions that existed for more than 2500 years (Khan, 2020, n.p). The religion founds its basis on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. However, the teachings of the faith remain controversial because the original teaching did not exist come from oral sources Documents making its interoperations rely on oral representations of the teachers.  Buddha’s thoughts about the issue of free will lead many people to think that it occurred as a categorical error (Javanaud, 2018, pg.633). The emergence of a new religion, particularly in Asia or Europe, brings a challenge that the first few individuals pose challenges that bring about dilemmas or counterarguments that will remain topics for discussions even after the religion has taken root. The philosophical influence, whether negative or positive, will continue to affect the domains and application of the said religion. Unlike other religions and most philosophies, the historical Buddha did have a written record of their teaching but passed them down orally to younger generations. The lack of written or documented records of the teachings of the Buddha forms the primary reason why Buddhism has so many interpretations concerning religion.

Categories
Education

Play Environment Analysis

The play environment involves pouring of the sand into the tubes. The play will give leisure to the kids enabling them to relax. Besides, it will keep their minds occupied. At the same time, it will improve their concentration on various tasks in their lives. Also, it will boost their understanding of how to complete roles in society just the way they struggle to fill the tubes with sand. When the kids fill the tubes with sand, they will understand that nothing is easy, as everything involves struggling (Colliver, 2019). This essay will narrow down to an intensive and extensive analysis of the play environment. It will discuss the mixing of materials, the role of the spatula, sensory play, constituents of sand, and building of structures in sand. Also, it will address the types of play, discoveries, socio food, sand transformations, aesthetic structures of sand, and identification of sand structures. It will describe the role of the educator, involvement of family members, documentation, kids’ interests, as well as health and safety risks. Finally, it will address two class topics namely: provoking curiosity and inquiry as well as aesthetics.

Categories
Psychology

Terror Management Theory

Like all other life-forms, humans are biologically predisposed towards self-preservation when it comes to reproduction. They are thus uniquely qualified in their ability for representative views, which nurture self-awareness as well as the capacity to think about past actions and contemplate the future. The underlying assumption informing Terror Management Theory (TMT) is that one understands that at some point, death is inevitable and can happen in any instance because of uncontrollable factors (Hayes et al., 2010). This awareness provokes potentially devastating terror, managed through the development and preservation of cultural beliefs: people having humanly constructed worldviews about a reality that reduce the existential fear by conferring significance and value (Rutjens et al., 2015).  TMT makes mortality salient or instead of thinking about death can cause individuals anguish, which they overpower by placing more weight on worldviews they find reassuring. On the contrary, making individuals feel about their deaths might radically increase their optimism regarding the future. The principal focus of this paper is to examine the viability of the assertion and determine whether TMT causes distress or increases confidence among people.

Categories
Other

The Looming Tower Book Review

Introduction

The Looming Tower” is a book that reflects on the various characters that were at the center of the September 9/11 attacks in the United States. The book by Lawrence Wright is one of the most read books that depict the activities and events of the masterminds behind the horror attack and the leaders in the FBI and CIA in charge of the case. Lawrence Wright is a screenwriter, an author and a writer for the New Yorker Magazine. The book “The Looming Tower” is non-fiction and it comprises of 480 pages, published in 2006 by Alfred Knopf.  Lawrence Wright is a professional writer focusing on non-fiction works, is a graduate in English with a Masters in Applied Linguistics and was a teacher before becoming a professional writer (Wright, 1). The writer collects information from different materials that base on the facts that lead to the most orchestrated attacks in the world. It is evident in the book that the United States invited numerous Muslim in the 1950s to help form allies against the communist Russia that would later turn to backfire after they returned home. Egypt and Saudi Arabia had become radicals, and it was building up, and most people that went back home would then convert to anti-West.

Categories
History

The War of 1812 and the American System

The War of 1812 arose as a conflict between the Americans and the British and their allies. The main cause of the disagreement was the setting up of a naval blockade by the British to curtail trade with France, as they were at war (Watson 21). The United States, however, saw the blockade as illegal. Furthermore, the British forcefully recruited American merchant sailors into their Royal Navy to handle the blockade. Due to several reasons, such as the British support of Indians in the frontier, British resentment was already high in America. The then President, James Madison, received pressure from Congress and signed the American declaration of war into law.

The British before 1812 still viewed the Americans as colonists and would institute policies which threatened American independence. For instance, America had established a solid relationship with France. The British, however, forbade the Americans to trade or communicate with the French during the war between Britain and France. Likewise, the impressment of American merchants similarly threatened the independence. Had the United States not fought in the war, it would still have strong ties to the British, who would have continued to stifle American independence through repressive policies. The War of 1812 was thus a fight for true independence from the British.

Categories
English

Why exconvicts should get the right to vote

Ex-Convicts Deserve to Have Their Voting Rights Restored

Known as civil death or felony disenfranchisement, today’s criminal offender loses the right to vote for a pre-determined amount of time. Every state interprets the conditions under which these civil rights are restored and, according to Keyssar, ten states keep permanent civil death on the books to be used, as appropriate.

The Voting Rights Act of 1965, signed into law during Lyndon Johnson’s Presidency was originally designed to prevent voters of color from experiencing discrimination when voting. The United States Supreme Court-as protection for all voting qualifications-has expanded the Act’s interpretation to returning the right to vote after committing a felony.

Restoring a person’s right to vote after a felony conviction is an important-and necessary-

  1. The Eighth Amendment prohibits excessive punishment for all Americans and states that the punishment should be in balance with the crime while decreasing as desirable changes are made by the perpetrator. When we remove an ex-felon’s civil right to vote, we violate this Amendment by refusing to lighten the ‘punishment’.
  2. The intent of criminal punishment is to ultimately rehabilitate the offender and return him or her to society as a contributing member. When an offender meets all the requirements for the punishment, returning the right to vote encourages social responsibility, participation, and pride in becoming a law-abiding citizen.
  3. Paying for a crime amounts to a contract between the offender and the State. Just as any other contract, once the terms have been fully met, the contract is no longer valid and neither the State nor ex-convict are bound by it any longer.

Conclusion

In conclusion, for society to function, the collective group must hold criminals responsible for their actions. Jail time, restitution, and other penalties restore the balance against people and property and act as a deterrent for those who value their contribution to their neighborhood. It is not, however, society’s job to suspend ethical behavior in order to keep the ex-felon a prisoner, even when he or she is paroled.

References

Keyssar, A. (2009). The right to vote: The contested history of democracy in the United States. New York: Basic Books.

Lopez-Guerra, C. (2014). Disenfranchisement on the Basis of Felony Convictions. Democracy and Disenfranchisement,109-132. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705789.003.0005

Shove, E., Watson, M., Hand, M., & Ingram, J. (2007). The design of everyday life. New York: Berg.

Supreme Court Justice and former Circuit Judge of the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals Dissent in Hayden v. Pataki, Supreme Court. (2006) (testimony of Hayden v Pataki).

 

Categories
Other

Marxs and how it relates to present day

Marxist theories about social classes and class struggles continue to be applicable or apparent today – they are seen everywhere, especially in Western capitalist societies. According to Marx and Friedrich Engels, Marxism generates two classes of people: the proletarians as well as the bourgeois. The former refers to the working class, and the latter refers to the capitalists or owners of the means of production (Alfarsi n.p). The theorists believed that the capitalists would always strive to earn more profits, and to do so, they would continue to take advantage of the laborers by making them work more for less pay. On the other hand, the working class will aspire to earn higher wages or earn more in general so that they would devote more hours. Because greed and self-interest exist, the gap between the two groups will continue to grow bigger (Alfarsi n.p). Capitalists believe that by empowering the laborers can endanger their social position so very few would do that. This is apparent in most organizations, especially the large ones, today.

Categories
English

Art, in the 19th Century, as Mechanism for Representing Politics

INTRODUCTION

The 19th century was characterized by many famous artists and the fame they came along with it. Romanticism and realism are some of the best themes of painting that were invented in the past. Despite being painted in two different periods of time with various stylistic choices, the pictures of Manet and Goya both vividly portray the political unrest that was occurring in society. The two artists have used art to explain political views of different politicians and political events during that time. Briefly, their work helped to describe the relationship that existed between power and skill that took place across different cultures and epochs. Therefore, the two artists used their work to portray events, as well as political activities that occurred or which had chances of happening. They had to take a social dimension as a way of evaluating different techniques that can compel the society to undertake a significant social change. One of the general views that made the use of the art to explain political events was based on the fact that it was deemed a free spirit capable of restructuring and defining its course. Therefore, this paper is set to determine how the Art in the 19th century represented various political events and policies.

Categories
Other

Ariel and the Arielismo in Spanish-American literature

Arielismo is a term that refers to the speculative standard of the Hispanic American ideology. The term has its origin from the work of José Enrique Rodo entitled Ariel whose publication was in the year 1900.  The work titled Ariel is a masterpiece that propagates a consolidative perspective of the Greco-Roman culture, the current perspectives of the late nineteenth century as well as the Judeo-Christian custom (Young et al.).  The ideology has been utilized in establishing juxtaposition between a high-end intellectual endeavor and a high custom being on one side and on the opposite side having a direct approach to the problems the Latin Americans faced. The ideology has been termed by the critics who embrace a practical approach as an educational provocation and at the same time as a cultural epitome. However, the question that is yet unanswered is that of those who advocate for it not addressing the economic, social, and political necessitates of the people of Latin America (de Azúa &Carlos).

Categories
Economics

The Economic Basis and Development of Fiscal Policy

Economic basis for Fiscal Policy

Fiscal policy is designed to influence the prevailing tax rates and the spending of the consumers within the country. This is when the government legislates changes to the prevailing tax rates to stimulate economic activity. This is usually done by reducing taxes using tax cuts to stimulate consumption, expenditure, and investment (Modjtahedi, 2011)

Policy and Challenges

Two types of fiscal policy, i.e., expansionary fiscal policy and contractionary fiscal policy exist. Expansionary fiscal policy, which is designed to encourage economic growth, is the most commonly employed by governments. Owing to its nature, the expansionary fiscal policy is predominantly employed in recessions by reducing taxes or increasing government expenditure. Contractionary fiscal policy, which is designed to slow economic growth, is rarely used by governments. Owing to its nature, it is mainly employed to reduce inflation. Contractionary fiscal policies reduce government expenditure and increase taxes (Mankiw, 2014).

Categories
Economics

Short Essays

Labor

Question 1

The labor force refers to the total number of eligible employees. It comprises of employed and unemployed individuals in a country. Labor force participation rate includes a segment of working population between the age of 16 to 64 years in the economy who are seeking employment or are already employed. It evaluates the community of working age in an economy. Individuals who are above the age of 64 years, homemakers or are still studying are excluded in the labor force (Gangl, 2009). Unemployment rate evaluates the prevalence of unemployment in a country. The level of unemployment is high during periods of recession. The three measures deal with employment level in a country.

Categories
Economics

Economics Questions

Question 1

The Federal Reserve Board (FRB) of the United States provides the nation with a safe, stable, yet flexible monetary and financial system. Therefore, the actions of the FRB should allow for changes to broad monetary policies for the implementation of the government’s fiscal policy (Pride, Hughes, & Kapoor, 2013a, p. 525). These actions include oversights and management of currency production and distribution, public sharing of statistical information, and promotion of employment and overall economic growth. All these measures affect the discount rate whose shifts change the building blocks of macroeconomics, such as consumer borrowing and spending.

Categories
English

Coco Chanel

Introduction

            Coco Chanel was born on 19/08/1883 as Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel at Saumur in France. She is portrayed as an amazing woman who redefined the fashion industry as depicted in the modern society. Chanel was a clothing stylist who transformed the fashion industry with her miniature black dresses, suits, and avant-garde sparkle. As a result of this, she became famous at her tender age and became elevated to the fashion icon that she assumes in the modern society (Wolf, 48). Based on the ageless designs that are still depicted as prevalent in these recent days, and the sophisticated wears that can be combined with enormous accessories, Chanel can be viewed as having achieved it all (Biography.com, 27). When an individual critically analyses the success of Chanel, it is right to say that her philosophy “luxury must be comfortable. Otherwise, it’s not luxury” had a significant impact on her success.

Categories
Other

How the Justice System Affects Prison Overcrowding

Introduction

Studies have indicated that the size of prison populations in the U.S. increased radically in the past four decades. The number increased by five times from around 320,000 in 1980 to more than 1.6 million in 2009 (Glaze and Bonczar, 2009). A study by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) of the period 2006-2011 observed that overcrowding in prisons increased over the period. The study highlighted that an increase in the number of prisoners corresponded with actions by a tendency by some states to cut their prison populations, lower rates of crime, and cut prison budgets. However, an increase in the population of prisoners still happened. The study further highlighted that, as of September 2011, federal prisons experience a 39 percent over capacity (Gilna, 2014). A  clear consensus that emerges from these studies is that the growth is largely motivated by policy receptiveness instead of criminal behavior, although there is much less agreement regarding particular ways through which a range of sentencing policies passed in the 1980s and 1990s contributed to growth (Gilna, 2014; Glaze and Bonczar, 2009). The specificity with which how justice system policies and sentencing laws affect prison populations is an indicator that justice system policies and decisions may be affecting prison overcrowding. This paper discusses how the justice system affects prison overcrowding.