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World Affairs

Election 2012 research

One of the major issues during the 2012 presidential elections was the economy. The economic issues that particularly got coverage during the election season included personal income tax rates and government’s role in the economy. President Obama and the Democratic Party advocated raising taxes on the high-income groups to reduce deficit as well as support programs for the middle class (Nazworth). As far as government’s role in the economy is concerned, President Obama called for greater intervention in economy such as investments in infrastructure, healthcare, and education to reduce unemployment rate and grow the middle class. He also called for greater regulations to reform the financial sector and supporter government bailout programs such as that of the auto industry (Nazworth, Obama vs. Romney: Jobs and the Economy).

Mitt Romney and the Republican Party were of the view that tax cuts should not be raised on any income group even though Romney claimed he may cut some deductions (Nazworth, Obama, Romney Debate Jobs, Economy, Deficits). Romney also called for lower government intervention in the economy and hinted at repealing President Obama’s healthcare plan if he is elected. Romney also called for lower financial regulations (Nazworth, Obama vs. Romney: Jobs and the Economy).

The positions taken by President Obama were relatively liberal while Romney were conservative since Romney advocated minimum government intervention in economy. In my opinion, President Obama’s positions were more sensible because the bailout of auto industry has been a success and government has historically played an important role in the economy. In fact, U.S. came out of Great Depression due to President Roosevelt’s beliefs that government has a role to play in economy to reduce unemployment and improve infrastructure to support economic growth.

References

Nazworth, Napp. Obama vs. Romney: Jobs and the Economy. 11 October 2012. 2 June 2013 <http://www.christianpost.com/news/obama-vs-romney-jobs-and-the-economy-83115/>.

—. Obama, Romney Debate Jobs, Economy, Deficits. 4 October 2012. 2 June 2013 <http://www.christianpost.com/news/obama-romney-debate-jobs-economy-deficits-82684/>.

 

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World Affairs

The United States and Pakistan: Intelligence, Counter-Intelligence, and a Troubled Alliance

The United States has long had a complex and at times difficult relationship with Pakistan. The regions of the Middle East and Southeast Asia have been of significant strategic importance for decades; as the world’s dependence on oil from the Middle East has exploded in the 20th and 21st centuries, the U.S. and other nations have jockeyed for positions of dominance in the region, involving themselves militarily and politically in the affairs of several nations in the region. In the aftermath of the attacks on the U.S. on September 11, 2001, the U.S. initiated military operations in Afghanistan and later, in Iraq, and relied on Pakistan as a partner in the U.S.’ declared “global war on terror.” Pakistan’s loyalty to the U.S. has never been complete, however; despite public pronouncements of support for U.S. efforts, the military and intelligence agencies in Pakistan have often operated against U.S. interests. Further, the government and the military have stoked anti-U.S. sentiment for decades, reaping the benefits of such sentiment both in terms of solidifying their power on the basis of resentment against the U.S. and in terms of convincing the U.S. to offer greater support to Pakistan under the guise of tamping down such resentment. Pakistani intelligence officials have engaged in operations against the U.S., and an atmosphere of mutual distrust remains between Pakistan’s intelligence agency, the ISI, and the U.S.’ CIA. Despite these issues, the U.S. and Pakistan continue to maintain ties of economic and military cooperation as each side attempts to maximize the potential benefits of such an arrangement. This paper will examine the recent history of the relationship between the U.S. and Pakistan with an eye towards determining whether maintaining the current arrangement is in the best interests of the U.S.             

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World Affairs

Syria, as the Apple of Discord in the Middle East

Looking into the history of human civilization, one can see that it was mainly characterized by the state of war rather than conditions of eternal or relative peace between participants of international relations. Thus, it can be concluded that conflict as a kind of interactions between states is an inherent feature of international relations. It can be argued that by nature conflicts remain the same, nowadays; on the other hand, the implications of contemporary conflicts are different, and until a certain extent, conflicts are different, as well. In this regard, under the conditions of globalised and inter-connected world, conflict or civil war in one country has ruinous implications through the whole globe. The best example of such wide-spreading implications is the recent civil war in Syria. The aim of the present essay is not to prove that Syrian civil war is a conflict of the new type, but to explore the implications of this war on the neighboring countries. Thus, the central thesis of this research is that Syrian refugees flood neighboring countries resulting in spilling of violence, which eventually threatens to enmesh Iraq and Israel in Syrian civil war. This thesis will be proved through exploration of the current situation of with Syrian refugees in various neighboring countries and their further impact on the political status quo in the region.

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World Affairs

Chapter Enrichment Teams at the American Red Cross

 

The American Red Cross operates 24 hours each day, every day. It mobilizes equipment and personnel to help in wartime relief as well as in natural disasters. For instance, when Hurricane Katrina roared through Louisiana, the Red Cross sprang into action to provide food, shelter, clothing, and medical necessities to the people affected by the storm. The services of the Red Cross are provided without charge to anyone who requests such services. Family income, origin, or gender, are never considered when the Red Cross provides its services. Similar to the police or fire department, the members of the Red Cross are first responders. Services are mobilized almost as quickly as are police and fire services. Like the police and fire departments, the Red Cross never considers their own safety first; they are available to any individual or groups of individuals who need their help.

A major concern of the Red Cross is that regardless of what services are needed, these services should be rendered according to a preset standard, without regard to population characteristics and without regard to area or locale. Within certain parameters, the services provided by the Red Cross should be equal in all parts of the United States or in any part of the world. To create a standard for excellence, at the same time determining where service improvements can be made, the Red Cross creates enrichment teams (Polzer & Woolley, 2003). These teams can best be described as using group dynamics used to ensure a constantly high quality of service.

Hackman and Connor (2004) place employee teams into three categories, or as they are called by the researchers: zones. These zones are created by the information processed, the urgency in the creation of the final product, and the level of interdependence among the collaborators. Although the employees or volunteers in each of these zones may be remarkably similar, the differences come from among the variety of teaks in which they are engaged. Distinct similarities exist among enrichment teams at the American Red Cross when compared to other group dynamics as they exist in other global organizations.

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World Affairs

National Security Affairs Country Essay

Introduction

American forces put their lives on the lines every day to protect the lives of innocent civilians and democracy within the country. Every time armed forces are deployed within a country either them being hostile or friendly country, they must be aware and prepared about the background, including cultures, customs, and rights, along with the government, and any other strategic information that might be needed in order to carry out their mission, protect themselves, and the people within the country. The purpose of this essay is to address the country’s information of the Philippines in order to inform the readers on the background, government, the strategic value, and the future direction of the presence of American Armed Forces in the Philippines. This essay will evaluate how the national security affairs of Philippines can or will influence the United States’ military and the diplomatic engagement, involvement, and intervention from a strategic point of view.  With this information provided regional awareness will be the key factor in determining the success of the mission and the goals outlined. Using the Three Parts Communication Model as a point of reference in formatting this essay, it is useful in letting the reader comprehend the message as it relays to the receiver.

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World Affairs

The biggest threat to U.S national security

Introduction

Intelligence agencies all over the world are organizations used by governments to gather information (intelligence) at both local and mostly at international levels. Intelligence agencies use spies to gather information about the activities of other countries. Such organizations usually want the information to do with the trade secrets of other countries, military secrets, and information about the security measures in such countries. These agencies need to gather such information so as to determine whether such countries pose a threat to them, usually it is about security threats. Countries, which are economic giants, would also use such agencies to acquire the business secrets of competing countries. Moreover, intelligence is not all about clandestine covert operations; such organizations also gather information in environmental, cultural, and health fields, among other fields. There are five main methods of intelligence collection, which are often referred to as intelligence collection disciplines. This paper shall analyze these fields in the intelligence agencies of three nations, that is, China, Iran, and Russia determine which of them poses the greatest threat to national security of the United States.

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World Affairs

NATO: Current Challenges

Background

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an intergovernmental military alliance formed following the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on April 4, 1949. The alliance was created as a result of the threat posed by the URSS and Germany, and it comprised several European states, namely Britain, Iceland, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and United States of America. According to Peter Duignan (2000), by 1954, Greece, Turkey and the Federal German Republic had also joined NATO, as ‘hostile allies’.  Members of the alliance agreed to offer each other protection, in the event of an attack, in the form of military assistance and other types of necessary interventions.

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World Affairs

Equal Opportunity in the Army

The average person may think that entering the armed forces translates to leaving any hope of personal identity behind, or at least stashed away till the service ends. The United States military is an extraordinary organization, and it has gained its reputation and power through a focus unlike anything the world has ever seen before: a commitment to the common goal of safeguarding the nation, and acting as a peacekeeping presence globally.  Nothing like this can be accomplished without an equal commitment from all its members.  In the minds of these members, this usually means giving up their individuality, to better serve the common good.  People see the U.S. Army, then, as a force made up, not of a variety of individuals, but as an entity of absolute uniformity.

 

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World Affairs

Diagram for Eradicating Guinea Worm Infestation in Drinking Water Sources